Mesoamerican religions

Mesoamerican religions
Religions of the pre-Columbian cultures of Mexico and Central America, notably the Olmec, Maya, Toltec, and Aztec.

All religions of Mesoamerica were polytheistic. The gods had to be constantly propitiated with offerings and sacrifices. The religions also shared a belief in a multilevel universe that had gone through five creations and four destructions by the time of the Spanish conquest. Mesoamerican religions heavily emphasized the astral bodies, particularly the sun, the moon, and Venus, and the observations of their movements by astronomer-priests were extraordinarily detailed and accurate. The Aztecs approached the supernatural through a complex calendar of ceremonies that included songs, dances, acts of self-mortification, and human sacrifices performed by a professional priesthood, in the belief that the welfare of the universe depended on offerings of blood and hearts as nourishment for the sun. The Mayan religion likewise called for human sacrifices, though on a smaller scale. Information on the astronomical calculations, divination, and ritual of the Mayan priests has been gathered from the Maya Codices. See also Mesoamerican civilization.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Religions precolombiennes de Mesoamerique — Religions mésoaméricaines Quetzalcoatl Les religions mésoaméricaines présentaient des points communs caractéristiques dont les plus emblématiques sont la construction de pyramides à degrés et le rite des sacrifices humains. Ces ressemblances sont …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Religions précolombiennes de Mésoamérique — Religions mésoaméricaines Quetzalcoatl Les religions mésoaméricaines présentaient des points communs caractéristiques dont les plus emblématiques sont la construction de pyramides à degrés et le rite des sacrifices humains. Ces ressemblances sont …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Religions précolombiennes de mésoamérique — Religions mésoaméricaines Quetzalcoatl Les religions mésoaméricaines présentaient des points communs caractéristiques dont les plus emblématiques sont la construction de pyramides à degrés et le rite des sacrifices humains. Ces ressemblances sont …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Religions mésoaméricaines — Quetzalcoatl est une des principales divinités pan mésoaméricaines. Les religions mésoaméricaines présentaient des points communs caractéristiques dont les plus emblématiques sont la construction de pyramides à degrés et le rite des sacrifices… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mesoamerican literature — The traditions of indigenous Mesoamerican literature extend back to the oldest attested forms of early writing in the Mesoamerican region, which date from around the mid 1st millennium BCE. Many of the pre Columbian cultures of Mesoamerica are… …   Wikipedia

  • Mesoamerican religion — Contents 1 Cosmology 2 Pantheon 3 Colonized Mesoamerica 4 References Cosmology The cosmological view in mesoamerica is strongly connected to …   Wikipedia

  • Religions of the ancient Near East — Myths of the Fertile Crescent series …   Wikipedia

  • American Indian religions, North — Religious beliefs and practices of the indigenous peoples of North America. They are characterized by a conviction that spirit moves through all things, animate and inanimate, and that the living are intimately connected with the souls of the… …   Universalium

  • American Indian religions, South — Religious beliefs and practices of the indigenous peoples of South America. The ancient Andean civilizations of the Chimu and the Inca had highly developed religions. The Inca religion combined complex ceremonies, animistic beliefs, belief in… …   Universalium

  • List of religions and spiritual traditions — The following is a list of religions and spiritual traditions, however it excludes modern religions, which can be found in list of new religious movements.Abrahamic religions A group of monotheistic traditions sometimes grouped with one another… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”