Mandeville, Sir John

Mandeville, Sir John
flourished 14th century

English purported author of a collection of Middle English traveler's tales. The tales are selections from the narratives of genuine travelers, embellished with Mandeville's additions and described as his own adventures. The Voyage and Travels of Sir John Mandeville, Knight originated in French с 1356–57; an English version appeared с 1375. The narrator declares that he is writing of his travels in the years 1322 to 1356. Because most of the material was available in contemporary encyclopaedias and travel books, it is not clear whether the author ever traveled at all, but his literary skill and imagination have kept the book popular and highly readable. The actual author of the tales remains unknown. It is not certain that the English knight Sir John Mandeville ever existed.

Sir John Mandeville, detail from a manuscript, early 15th century; in the British Library (MS. Add. ...

Reproduced by permission of the British Library

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▪ English author

flourished 14th century
 purported author of a collection of travelers' tales from around the world, The Voyage and Travels of Sir John Mandeville, Knight, generally known as The Travels of Sir John Mandeville. The tales are selections from the narratives of genuine travelers, embellished with Mandeville's additions and described as his own adventures.

      The actual author of the tales remains as uncertain as the existence of the English knight Sir John Mandeville himself. The book originated in French about 1356–57 and was soon translated into many languages, an English version appearing about 1375. The narrator Mandeville identifies himself as a knight of St. Albans. Incapacitated by arthritic gout, he has undertaken to stave off boredom by writing of his travels, which began on Michaelmas Day (September 29) 1322, and from which he returned in 1356. The 14th-century chronicler Jean d'Outremeuse of Liège claimed that he knew the book's true author, a local physician named Jean de Bourgogne, and scholars afterward speculated that d'Outremeuse himself wrote the book. Modern historical research debunked the d'Outremeuse tradition but has yielded few more positive conclusions, and the actual author of the Travels remains unknown.

      It is not certain whether the book's true author ever traveled at all, since he selected his materials almost entirely from the encyclopaedias and travel books available to him, including those by William of Boldensele and Friar Odoric of Pordenone. The author enriched these itineraries with accounts of the history, customs, religions, and legends of the regions visited, culled from his remarkably wide reading, transforming and enlivening the originals by his literary skill and genuine creative imagination. The lands that he describes include the realm of Prester John, the land of darkness, and the abode of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel, all legendary. Although in his time “Mandeville” was famous as the greatest traveler of the Middle Ages, in the ensuing age of exploration he lost his reputation as a truthful narrator. His book, notwithstanding, has always been popular and remains extremely readable.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mandeville,Sir John — Mandeville, Sir John. Pen name of the unknown compiler of The Voyage and Travels of Sir John Mandeville, Knight (c. 1371), a description of fantastic journeys through the East. * * * …   Universalium

  • Mandeville, Sir John — ( siglo XIV) Inglés, presunto autor de una colección de relatos de viajeros escritos en inglés medio. Los relatos son selecciones de narraciones de viajeros reales, adornados con interpelaciones de Mandeville y descritos como aventuras que él… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mandeville, Sir John —    Was the ostensible author only of a book of travels bearing his name, written about the middle of the 14th century, giving an account of journeys in the East, including India and the Holy Land. It appears to have been compiled from the… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • MANDEVILLE, SIR JOHN —    English adventurer, named of St. Albans, who from his own account travelled over thirty years in the East, and wrote a narrative of the marvels he experienced in a book of voyages and travels published in 1356; the authorship of this book has… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Sir John Mandeville — Jehan de Bourgogne …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Mandeville, John — (fl. 1357)    Although most people in the 14th and 15th centuries who were familiar with MARCO POLO’s Travels (Le divisament dou Monde, 1299) decried his account as fantastic and as a pack of lies, the much more imaginary and fanciful Travels by… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • john — /jon/, n. Slang. 1. a toilet or bathroom. 2. (sometimes cap.) a fellow; guy. 3. (sometimes cap.) a prostitute s customer. [generic use of the proper name] * * * I known as John Lackland born Dec. 24, 1167, Oxford, Eng. died Oct. 18/19, 1216,… …   Universalium

  • John — /jon/, n. 1. the apostle John, believed to be the author of the fourth Gospel, three Epistles, and the book of Revelation. 2. See John the Baptist. 3. (John Lackland) 1167? 1216, king of England 1199 1216; signer of the Magna Carta 1215 (son of… …   Universalium

  • sir — /serr/, n. 1. a respectful or formal term of address used to a man: No, sir. 2. (cap.) the distinctive title of a knight or baronet: Sir Walter Scott. 3. (cap.) a title of respect for some notable personage of ancient times: Sir Pandarus of Troy …   Universalium

  • Mandeville, Jean de — • The author of a book of travels much read in the Middle Ages, died probably in 1372 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Mandeville, Jean De     Jean de Mandeville      …   Catholic encyclopedia

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