Le Bon, Gustave

Le Bon, Gustave
born May 7, 1841, Nogent-le-Rotrou, France
died Dec. 13, 1931, Marnes-la-Coquette

French social psychologist.

After receiving a doctorate in medicine, he traveled and wrote books on anthropology, but his interests later shifted to social psychology. In The Crowd (1895) he argued that the personality of the individual in a crowd becomes submerged and that the collective crowd mind comes to dominate.

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▪ French psychologist
born May 7, 1841, Nogent-le-Rotrou, France
died Dec. 13, 1931, Marnes-la-Coquette

      French social psychologist best known for his study of the psychological characteristics of crowds.

      After receiving a doctorate of medicine, Le Bon traveled in Europe, North Africa, and Asia and wrote several books on anthropology and archaeology. His interests later shifted to natural science and social psychology. In Les Lois psychologiques de l'évolution des peuples (1894; The Psychology of Peoples) he developed a view that history is the product of racial or national character, with emotion, not intelligence, the dominant force in social evolution. He attributed true progress to the work of an intellectual elite.

      Le Bon believed that modern life was increasingly characterized by crowd assemblages. In La psychologie des foules (1895; The Crowd), his most popular work, he argued that the conscious personality of the individual in a crowd is submerged and that the collective (collective behaviour) crowd mind dominates; crowd behaviour is unanimous, emotional, and intellectually weak.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Le Bon, Gustave — ► (1841 1931) Sociólogo y etnólogo francés. Autor de La psicología de las masas. * * * (7 may. 1841, Nogent le Rotrou, Francia–13 dic. 1931, Marnes la Coquette). Psicólogo social francés. Después de obtener un doctorado en medicina, viajó por… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Лебон Густав / Le Bon, Gustave — (1841 1931). Лебон разработал учение об иерархии рас, использовав в качестве критериев степень развития способности к логическому рассуждению, силу (произвольного) внимания и власть над инстинктивными потребностями …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • Gustave Le Bon — Gustave Le Bon, né le 7 mai 1841 à Nogent le Rotrou et mort le 13 décembre 1931 à Marnes la Coquette), est un anthropologue, psychologue social, sociologue et médecin français …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gustave LeBon — Gustave Le Bon Gustave Le Bon (* 7. Mai 1841 in Nogent le Retrou; † 15. Dezember 1931 in Paris) war zunächst als Arzt tätig. Später befasste er sich vorwiegend mit Hygiene und Physiologie sowie mit Archäologie, Völkerkunde, Politik …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gustave Le Bon — El sociólogo francés Gustave Le Bon (1841 1931), hacia finales del siglo XIX o principios del XX Nacimiento 7 de mayo de 1841 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bon — /bon/; Fr. /bawonn/, n. Cape, a cape on the NE coast of Tunisia: surrender of the German African forces, May 12, 1943. Also called Ras Addar. /bawn/, n. an annual festival of the Japanese Buddhists, welcoming ancestral spirits to household altars …   Universalium

  • Bon — bon, a (del lat. «bonus»; ant.) adj. *Bueno. * * * bon, na. (Proclítico, del lat. bonus, bueno). adj. desus. bueno. □ V. pan bon. * * * (Sharìk) ► Cabo de África en la costa NE del golfo de Túnez. * * * …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gustave — /gus tahv/; Fr. /gyuus tannv /, n. a male given name: from a Germanic word meaning staff of God. * * * (as used in expressions) Beauregard Pierre Gustave Toutant Caillebotte Gustave Courbet Gustave Doré Gustave Paul Flaubert Gustave Gamelin… …   Universalium

  • Gustave — (as used in expressions) Beauregard, P(ierre) G(ustave) T(outant) Caillebotte, Gustave Courbet, Gustave Doré, Gustave (Paul) Flaubert, Gustave Gamelin, Maurice (Gustave) Le Bon, Gustave Moreau, Gustave …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bön — /bohn/, n. a shamanistic Tibetan sect, absorbed by the first Buddhist sects of the 7th century and later. * * * I Indigenous religion of Tibet. It was originally concerned with magical propitiation of demonic forces, and its practices included… …   Universalium

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