Lacan, Jacques (-Marie-Émile)

Lacan, Jacques (-Marie-Émile)
born April 13, 1901, Paris, France
died Sept. 9, 1981, Paris

French psychoanalyst.

A practicing psychiatrist in Paris for much of his career, Lacan emphasized the primacy of language as the mirror of the unconscious mind and introduced the study of language into psychoanalytic theory. His major achievement was his reinterpretation of Sigmund Freud's work in terms of structural linguistics. He became a celebrity in France with Écrits (1966; The Language of the Self) and in the 1970s was a dominant figure in French cultural life as well as a strong influence on American psychoanalytic and literary theory.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Lacan, Jacques-Marie-Emile —    (1901–1981)    The founder of an independent school of thought within psychoanalysis, Lacan was born in Paris into an upper middle class family. As an intern at the psychiatric hospitals of the Seine department (Paris), in 1928 he spent a year …   Historical dictionary of Psychiatry

  • Lacan, Jacques (-Marie-Émile) — (13 abr. 1901, París, Francia–9 sep. 1981, París). Psicoanalista francés. Practicó la psiquiatría en París durante gran parte de su carrera. Lacan puso énfasis en la primacía del lenguaje como el espejo del inconsciente, e introdujo el estudio… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lacan, Jacques — ▪ French psychologist in full  Jacques Marie Émile Lacan  born April 13, 1901, Paris, France died Sept. 9, 1981, Paris       French psychoanalyst who gained an international reputation as an original interpreter of Sigmund Freud s (Freud,… …   Universalium

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  • Jacques — /zhahk/, n. a male given name, French form of Jacob or James. * * * (as used in expressions) Jacques Fournier Besson Jacques Bossuet Jacques Bénigne Brel Jacques Brissot de Warville Jacques Pierre Callot Jacques Cartier Jacques Chirac Jacques… …   Universalium

  • Marie — /meuh ree /; for 2 also Fr. /mann rddee /, n. 1. (Marie Alexandra Victoria of Saxe Coburg) 1875 1938, queen of Rumania 1914 27. 2. a female given name, French form of Mary. * * * (as used in expressions) Marie Josèphe Rose Tascher de la Pagerie… …   Universalium

  • Jacques — (as used in expressions) Amboise, Jacques d Jacques Joseph Ahearn Jean Jacques Fougère Audubon Jacques Fournier Besson, Jacques Bossuet, Jacques Bénigne Brel, Jacques Brissot (de Warville), Jacques Pierre Callot, Jacques Cartier, Jacques Chirac,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Marie — (as used in expressions) Ampère, André Marie Anouilh, Jean (Marie Lucien Pierre) Barry, (Marie) Jeanne Bécu, condesa du Beauvoir, Simone (Lucie Ernestine Marie Bertrand) de Bichat, (Marie François) Xavier Blais, Marie Claire Boulanger, Georges… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Émile — Fr. /ay meel /, n. a didactic novel (1762) by J. J. Rousseau, dealing principally with the author s theories of education. * * * (as used in expressions) Baudot Jean Maurice Émile Bazin Henri Émile Borduas Paul Émile Combes Justin Louis Émile… …   Universalium

  • Émile — (as used in expressions) Baudot, (Jean Maurice) Émile Bazin, Henri Émile Borduas, Paul Émile Combes, (Justin Louis) Émile Coué, Émile Durkheim, Émile Gallé, Émile Jaques Dalcroze, Émile Lacan, Jacques (Marie Émile) Massenet, Jules (Émile… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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