Hölderlin, (Johann Christian) Friedrich

Hölderlin, (Johann Christian) Friedrich
born March 20, 1770, Lauffen am Neckar, Württemberg
died June 7, 1843, Tübingen

German poet.

He qualified for ordination but found himself more drawn to Greek mythology than to Christian dogma. In 1793 he was befriended by Friedrich Schiller, who helped him publish his early poetry. He produced works of passionate, expressive intensity, including his only novel, Hyperion (1797–99), the unfinished tragedy The Death of Empedocles, and a number of odes, elegies, and verse translations. In these works he naturalized the forms of Classical Greek verse in German and lamented the loss of an idealized Classical Greek world. His behaviour became erratic, and in 1805 he succumbed irretrievably to schizophrenia; he spent his last 36 years in a carpenter's house under the shadow of insanity. Little recognized in his lifetime, he was forgotten until the 20th century, when he came to be ranked among the finest of German lyric poets.

Friedrich Hölderlin, pastel by Franz Karl Hiemer, 1792; in the Schiller-Nationalmuseum, ...

Courtesy of the Schiller-Nationalmuseum, Marbach, Germany

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  • Hölderlin, (Johann Christian) Friedrich — (20 mar. 1770, Lauffen am Neckar, Württemberg–7 jun. 1843, Tubinga). Poeta alemán. Estudió teología y podría haber sido clérigo, pero se sintió más inclinado a la mitología griega que al dogma cristiano. En 1793 pasó a ser un protegido de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Christian Friedrich Weber — (1764–1831) was a German New Testament scholar of the Tübingen school. He was repentant to Hölderlin who called him the best man in the world [1] and deacon in Winnenden.[2][3] Works Neue Untersuchung über das Alter und Ansehen des Evangeliums… …   Wikipedia

  • Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller — Ludovike Simanowiz: Friedrich Schiller (1794) Schillers Unterschrift Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller, 1802 geadelt (* 10. November …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Friedrich Hölderlin — Friedrich Hölderlin, Pastell von Franz Karl Hiemer, 1792 Johann Christian Friedrich Hölderlin (* 20. März 1770 in Lauffen am Neckar; † 7. Juni …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hölderlin — Hölderlin, Johann Christian Friedrich, einer der eigentümlichsten deutschen Dichter der klassischen Dichtungsperiode, geb. 20. (nicht 29.) März 1770 in Lauffen am Neckar, gest. 7. Juni 1843 in Tübingen, verlor als zweijähriger Knabe seinen Vater …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hölderlin — Hölderlin, Johann Christian Friedrich, geb. 29. März 1770 zu Neidlingen (nach And. in Lauffen) im Württembergischen, studirte Theologie in Tübingen, lebte seit 1795 als Hauslehrer abwechselnd in Waltershausen bei Meiningen, in Jena u. Weimar,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Friedrich — /free drik/; Ger. /frddee drddikh/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Friedrich Leopold Baron von Hardenberg Baeyer Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Beilstein Friedrich Konrad Benz Karl Friedrich Bernhardi Friedrich von… …   Universalium

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