Hanna, Mark

Hanna, Mark
orig. Marcus Alonzo Hanna

born Sept. 24, 1837, New Lisbon, Ohio, U.S.
died Feb. 15, 1904, Washington, D.C.

U.S. industrialist and political kingmaker.

He became a businessman in Cleveland, Ohio, with interests in banking, coal and iron, transportation, and publishing. Convinced that the interests of big business would best be served by the Republican Party, he began in 1880 to gather support among industrialists for its candidates. In 1892 he helped William McKinley secure the Ohio governorship. For McKinley's 1896 presidential campaign Hanna helped the Republicans raise an unprecedented $3.5 million, enough to overwhelm the grassroots campaign of William Jennings Bryan. He served in the U.S. Senate (1897–1904).

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▪ American industrialist
byname of  Marcus Alonzo Hanna  
born Sept. 24, 1837, New Lisbon, Ohio, U.S.
died Feb. 15, 1904, Washington, D.C.
 American industrialist and prototype of the political kingmaker; he successfully promoted the presidential candidacy of William McKinley in the election of 1896 and personified the growing influence of big business in American politics.

      The prosperous owner of a Cleveland coal and iron enterprise, Hanna soon expanded his interests to include banking, transportation, and publishing. Convinced that the welfare of business (and consequently the prosperity of the nation) was dependent upon the success of the Republican Party, he began as early as 1880 to work among industrialists to ensure the financial support of likely candidates for office. He was especially impressed by Ohio congressman William McKinley's (McKinley, William) successful sponsorship in 1890 of a high protective tariff, and thenceforth he devoted all his energies to McKinley's political advancement, first as governor (1892–96) and then as president (1897–1901). In preparation for the 1896 contest with the Democrat–Populist candidate, William Jennings Bryan (Bryan, William Jennings), Hanna was reputed to have poured more than $100,000 of his own money into preconvention expenses alone. Raising an unprecedented fund from wealthy individuals and corporations, the dynamic Hanna skillfully directed the $3,500,000 campaign—the costliest and best organized the nation had ever witnessed. At a rate of spending exceeding his opponents by 20 to 1, his 1,400 paid workers inundated the country with millions of pamphlets promising continuing prosperity with McKinley. Hanna succeeded in stunting Bryan's grass-roots appeal with a continual barrage of posters and propaganda that preceded and followed Bryan at every whistle-stop of his campaign train.

      Once in office, McKinley helped to fulfill Hanna's lifelong ambition by appointing Sen. John Sherman secretary of state, thus creating a vacancy in the U.S. Senate. Hanna was elected to fill the vacancy (March 1897) and remained in the Senate until his death.

Additional Reading
Herbert Croly, Marcus Alonzo Hanna: His Life and Work (1912, reissued 1965).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hanna, Mark — orig. Marcus Alonzo Hanna (24 sep. 1837, New Lisbon, Ohio, EE.UU.–15 feb. 1904, Washington, D.C.). Industrial y político de gran influencia estadounidense. Se inició en los negocios en Cleveland, Ohio, donde sus intereses abarcaron la banca, el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mark Hanna — For other people named Mark Hanna, see Mark Hanna (disambiguation). Mark Hanna United States Senator from Ohio In office March 5, 1897 – February 15, 1904 …   Wikipedia

  • Mark Hanna (screenwriter) — For the industrialist, see Mark Hanna. Mark Hanna (January 1, 1917 – October 16, 2003) was an American screenwriter and actor. He was known for writing the screenplays for many science fiction B movies in the 1950s, particularly Attack of the 50… …   Wikipedia

  • Hanna — /han euh/, n. Marcus Alonzo ( Mark ), 1837 1904, U.S. merchant and politician: senator 1897 1904. * * * (as used in expressions) Jay Hanna Dean Hanna Mark Marcus Alonzo Hanna Hanna William Denby and Barbera Joseph Roland * * * …   Universalium

  • Hanna — (as used in expressions) Jay Hanna Dean Hanna, Mark Marcus Alonzo Hanna Hanna, William (Denby) y Barbera, Joseph (Roland) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • mark — mark1 /mahrk/, n. 1. a visible impression or trace on something, as a line, cut, dent, stain, or bruise: a small mark on his arm. 2. a badge, brand, or other visible sign assumed or imposed: a mark of his noble rank. 3. a symbol used in writing… …   Universalium

  • Mark — /mahrk/, n. 1. one of the four Evangelists: traditionally believed to be the author of the second Gospel. 2. the second Gospel: to read aloud from Mark. 3. King, Arthurian Romance. ruler of Cornwall, husband of Iseult and uncle of Sir Tristram. 4 …   Universalium

  • Mark — (as used in expressions) Clark, Mark (Wayne) Hanna, Mark Hopkins, Mark McGwire, Mark (David) Morris, Mark Roget, Peter Mark Rothko, Mark Scott, Paul (Mark) Spitz, Mark (Andrew) Strand, Mark Tobey, Mark …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mark Hanna — Marcus Alonzo „Mark“ Hanna (* 24. September 1837 in Lisbon, Ohio; † 15. Februar 1904 in Washington D.C.) war ein US amerikanischer Industrieller und Politiker der Republikanischen Partei. Von 1897 bis 1904 saß er für den …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mark Hanna Crouter — Born October 3, 1897(1897 10 03) Baker, Oregon …   Wikipedia

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