Gibson, Althea

Gibson, Althea
born Aug. 25, 1927, Silver, S.C., U.S.
died Sept. 28, 2003, East Orange, N.J.

U.S. tennis player.

She was the first black player to win the French (1956), Wimbledon (1957–58), and U.S. Open (1957–58) singles championships. She won a total of 11 grand-slam events. Ranked first in the U.S. in 1957 and 1958, she was voted Female Athlete of the Year by the Associated Press both years, the first African American to receive that honour.

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▪ 2004

      American tennis player (b. Aug. 25, 1927, Silver, S.C.—d. Sept. 28, 2003, East Orange, N.J.), broke the colour barrier in tennis as the first black player to win singles titles at the French Open (1956), the All-England (Wimbledon) championships (1957–58), and the U.S. national championship (later the U.S. Open; 1957–58). In 1942 Gibson, who grew up in New York City, won her first tournament, which was sponsored by the American Tennis Association (ATA), an organization for African American players. She later toured on the ATA circuit, and from 1947 to 1957 she was the ATA women's singles national champion. While attending Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University (B.S., 1953), she became the first black player to compete at the U.S. nationals (1950) and Wimbledon (1951). Tall and muscular, Gibson possessed a powerful serve-and-volley game, and in the late 1950s she came to dominate women's tennis. In addition to her landmark Grand Slam singles titles, she also won a number of doubles titles, including Wimbledon (1956–58) and the Australian Open (1957). That year Gibson became the first African American to be voted Female Athlete of the Year by the Associated Press; she also won the award the following year. In 1958 Gibson turned professional, having won 56 titles. She appeared in numerous tennis exhibitions, acted, recorded an album, and in 1962 became the first black player to compete on the Ladies Professional Golf Association tour. She was later active in sports administration for the state of New Jersey. Gibson's autobiography, I Always Wanted to Be Somebody, was published in 1958.

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▪ American tennis player
born August 25, 1927, Silver, South Carolina, U.S.
died September 28, 2003, East Orange, New Jersey
 American tennis player who dominated women's competition in the late 1950s. She was the first black player to win the French (French Open) (1956), Wimbledon (Wimbledon Championships) (1957–58), and U.S. Open (United States Open Tennis Championships) (1957–58) singles championships (United States Open Tennis Championships).

      Gibson grew up in New York City, where she began playing tennis at an early age under the auspices of the New York Police Athletic League. In 1942 she won her first tournament, which was sponsored by the American Tennis Association (ATA), an organization founded by African American players. In 1947 she captured the ATA's women's singles championship, which she would hold for 10 consecutive years. While attending Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University (B.S., 1953) in Tallahassee, she continued to play in tournaments around the country and in 1950 became the first black tennis player to enter the national grass-court championship tournament at Forest Hills in Queens, New York. The next year she entered the Wimbledon tournament, again as the first black player ever invited. The tall and lean Gibson soon became noted for her dominating serves and powerful play.

 Until 1956 Gibson had only fair success in match tennis play, but that year she won a number of tournaments in Asia and Europe, including the French and Italian singles titles and the women's doubles title at Wimbledon. In 1957–58 she won the Wimbledon women's singles and doubles titles and took the U.S. women's singles championship at Forest Hills. She also won the U.S. mixed doubles and the Australian women's doubles in 1957. That year Gibson was voted Female Athlete of the Year by the Associated Press, becoming the first African American to receive the honour; she also won the award the following year. Having worked her way to top rank in world amateur tennis, she turned professional following her 1958 Forest Hills win. She won the women's professional singles title in 1960, but, there being few tournaments and prizes for women at that time, she took up professional golf in the early 1960s. From 1973 to 1992 Gibson was active in sports administration, mainly for the state of New Jersey. Her autobiography, I Always Wanted to Be Somebody, appeared in 1958. In 1971 she was elected to the National Lawn Tennis Hall of Fame.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Gibson,Althea — Gibson, Althea. Born 1927. American tennis player. The first African American to play at Wimbledon (1951), she won the U.S. women s singles title and the singles and doubles titles at Wimbledon in 1957 and 1958. * * * …   Universalium

  • Gibson, Althea — (25 ago. 1927, Silver, S.C., EE.UU.–28 sep. 2003, East Orange, N.J.). Tenista estadounidense. Fue la primera jugadora afroamericana en ganar los títulos de singles del Abierto de Francia (1956), Wimbledon (1957–58) y el Abierto de EE.UU.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Althea Gibson — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Althea Gibson Althea Gibson (25 de agosto de 1927 28 de septiembre de 2003) fue una tenista Afro Americana, ganadora del campeonato de Wimbledon en individuales en 1957 y 1958 y en dobles …   Wikipedia Español

  • Althea Gibson — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gibson. Althea Gibson …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gibson — /gib seuhn/, n. a dry martini cocktail garnished with a pearl onion. [1925 30; after the surname Gibson] /gib seuhn/, n. 1. Althea, born 1927, U.S. tennis player. 2. Charles Dana /day neuh/, 1867 1944, U.S. artist and illustrator. 3. Josh(ua),… …   Universalium

  • Gibson — ► Desierto de Australia occidental, al S del trópico de Capricornio, entre el Gran Desierto de Arena (N) y el Gran Desierto Victoria (S). Gibson, Ian * * * (as used in expressions) Gibson, Althea Gibson, Bob Pack Robert Gibson Gibson, Charles… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Althea Gibson — 1956 Althea Gibson (* 25. August 1927 in Silver, South Carolina; † 28. September 2003 in East Orange, New Jersey) war eine US amerikanische Tennisspielerin. Sie gewann als erste farbige Spielerin bei den French Open …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Althea — ist der Vorname von Althea Bridges (* 1936), australische Schauspielerin und Sängerin Althea Flynt (1953–1987), Mitverlegerin des Erotikmagazins Hustler Althea Forest (* 1961), Teil des Reggae Duos Althea Donna Althea Gibson (1927–2003),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gibson — bezeichnet: Gibson (Traktor), eine frühere amerikanische Traktormarke Gibson Guitar Corporation, einen amerikanischen Gitarrenhersteller die Gibsonwüste in Australien eine Variante des Martini (Cocktail) Gibson ist der Name folgender Orte in den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Althea & Donna — Althea Forest (* 1961 in Kingston, Jamaika) und Donna Reid (* 1960 in Kingston, Jamaika) waren ein Reggae Duo. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Werdegang 2 Diskografie 2.1 Alben 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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