Geiger, Theodor Julius

Geiger, Theodor Julius
born Nov. 9, 1891, Munich, Ger.
died June 16, 1952, at sea

German sociologist.

An early critic of the Nazis, Geiger fled to Copenhagen, where in 1938 at the University of Århus he became Denmark's first professor of sociology. He studied social stratification and mobility, examining Danish intellectuals and the people of Århus. His posthumous Democracy Without Dogma (1964) expressed his vision of a society depersonalized by ideology but redeemed by human relationships.

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▪ German sociologist
born Nov. 9, 1891, Munich, Ger.
died June 16, 1952, at sea

      German sociologist and first professor of sociology in Denmark, whose most important studies concerned social stratification and social mobility.

      Geiger served in World War I, after which he returned to Munich to take his doctorate in law. He was a teacher, journalist, and government statistician in Berlin and then was a professor of sociology (1928–33) at the Brunswick Institute of Technology. After the rise to power of the Nazis, of whom he was an early critic, he fled to Copenhagen. There a Rockefeller Foundation fellowship and an appointment to the Institute of History and Economics sustained him until 1938, when he was given a full professorship at the University of Århus, in Denmark. During the German occupation of Denmark in World War II, Geiger was exiled again and went to Sweden, teaching at the universities of Stockholm and Uppsala. After the war Geiger returned to Århus (1945), where he founded and directed the first Scandinavian institute of sociological research and developed the academic journal Acta Sociologica.

      Influenced by Marxism, he believed for a time in the existence (specifically in Germany) of a well-defined class structure; but by 1948, when his Klassesamfundet i Støbergryden (“Class Society in the Melting Pot”) was published, he had abandoned that idea. His basic textbook was Sociologi (1939).

      His work on social stratification and mobility included studies of Danish intellectuals and a detailed examination of the people of Århus, Soziale Umschichtungen in einer dänischen Mittelstadt (1951; “Social Changes in a Medium-Sized Danish City”). Long interested in the sociology of public order, he wrote Vorstudien zu einer Soziologie des Rechts (1947; reprinted 1964; “Preliminary Studies on the Sociology of Law”), which dealt with law and regulation in society. Several of his works were published posthumously: Ideologie und Wahrheit (1953; “Ideology and Truth”) discusses ideology and its role in the creation of mass society; and Demokratic ohne Dogma (1964; “Democracy Without Dogma”) is notable for Geiger's vision of a society depersonalized by ideology but redeemed by human relationships. Geiger died at sea when he was returning from a year as visiting professor in Toronto.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Geiger, Theodor Julius — (9 nov. 1891, Munich, Alemania–16 jun. 1952, en el mar). Sociólogo alemán. Fue uno de los primeros críticos de los nazis, lo que lo obligó a huir a Copenhague, Dinamarca. En 1938 se integró a la Universidad de Århus, donde llegó a ser el primer… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Geiger — V. «contador Geiger». * * * Geiger, Hans Geiger, contador de * * * (as used in expressions) Geiger, Abraham Geiger, contador contador Geiger Müller Geiger, Theodor Julius …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Theodor — (as used in expressions) Adorno Theodor Wiesengrund Billroth Christian Albert Theodor Böll Heinrich Theodor Boveri Theodor Heinrich Dreyer Carl Theodor Fechner Gustav Theodor Fontane Theodor Geiger Theodor Julius Geisel Theodor Seuss Herzl… …   Universalium

  • Theodor — (as used in expressions) Adorno, Theodor (Wiesengrund) Billroth, (Christian Albert) Theodor Böll, Heinrich (Theodor) Boveri, Theodor Heinrich Dreyer, Carl Theodor Fechner, Gustav Theodor Fontane, Theodor Geiger, Theodor Julius Geisel, Theodor… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Julius — /joohl yeuhs/, n. a male given name: a Roman family name. * * * (as used in expressions) Agricola Gnaeus Julius Caesar Gaius Julius Cohn Ferdinand Julius Cohnheim Julius Friedrich Erving Julius Winfield Frontinus Sextus Julius Fuchs Emil Klaus… …   Universalium

  • Julius — (as used in expressions) Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus Gaius Julius Caesar Cohn, Ferdinand (Julius) Cohnheim, Julius Friedrich Erving, Julius (Winfield) Scaliger, Julius Caesar y Joseph Justus Fuchs, (Emil) Klaus (Julius) Geiger, Theodor Julius… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Geiger — /guy geuhr/, n. Hans /hahns/, 1882 1947, German physicist. * * * (as used in expressions) Geiger counter Geiger Müller counter Geiger Abraham Geiger Theodor Julius * * * …   Universalium

  • Theodor Geiger — Theodor Julius Geiger (* 9. November 1891 in München; † 16. Juni 1952 auf See zwischen Kanada und Dänemark) war ein dänischer Soziologe deutscher Herkunft. Er lehrte nach seiner Emigration an der Universität Aarhus und war der erste Professor für …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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