Frankenthaler, Helen

Frankenthaler, Helen
born Dec. 12, 1928, New York, N.Y., U.S.

U.S. painter.

She studied with Rufino Tamayo in high school and at Bennington College, then returned to her native New York City and joined the "second generation" of Abstract Expressionists. Influenced by Jackson Pollock and Arshile Gorky, she developed a style featuring abstract colour combinations within large expanses of bare canvas. She perfected the technique of colour staining, producing diaphanous colour by thinning the oils and letting them soak into the unprimed canvas. In the 1960s she began to use acrylic paints. Though abstract, many of her paintings (e.g., Ocean Desert, 1975) evoke landscapes and are noted for their lyricism. Her work influenced the colour-field painters Morris Louis and Kenneth Noland. She was married to Robert Motherwell from 1958 to 1971.

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▪ American painter
born December 12, 1928, New York, New York, U.S.
 American Abstract Expressionist (Abstract Expressionism) painter whose brilliantly coloured canvases have been much admired for their lyric qualities.

      Her father, Alfred Frankenthaler, was a New York Supreme Court justice. She studied under the Mexican painter Rufino Tamayo (Tamayo, Rufino) in high school, at the Dalton School in New York City, and at Bennington College in Bennington, Vermont. After graduation in 1949, she returned to New York City and studied with painter Hans Hofmann. Influenced by the work of such artists as Arshile Gorky (Gorky, Arshile) and Jackson Pollock (Pollock, Jackson), she eventually became known as a member of the second generation of Abstract Expressionists.

      Frankenthaler's first one-woman show was held in New York City in 1951. In one of her major early works, the seminal Mountains and Sea (1952), she created diaphanous colour by means of thinned-down oils that she allowed to soak into the raw (unprimed) canvas. This technique, known as the stain technique, strongly contrasted with the use of impasto that characterized most Abstract Expressionist painting, and it seriously influenced the colour-field painters Morris Louis (Louis, Morris) and Kenneth Noland (Noland, Kenneth).

      In the early 1960s Frankenthaler began to use acrylics, and the areas of raw canvas began to assume much greater spatial significance. Her later exhibitions included lithographs and works on paper. Although not abstractions of nature, many of her paintings, such as This Morning's Weather (1982) and Yoruba (2002), embody a strong feeling of landscape. Among her later works are Seeing the Moon on a Hot Summer Day (1987), Warming Trend (2002), and Ebbing (2002).

      Frankenthaler taught at a number of universities, including Harvard, Princeton, and Yale. From 1958 to 1971 she was married to the American painter Robert Motherwell (Motherwell, Robert).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • FRANKENTHALER, HELEN — (1928– ), U.S. painter and printmaker. Known as one of the most important artists of the second generation of Abstract Expressionists, New York born Helen Frankenthaler earned a B.A. from Bennington College (1946–49), after which she returned to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Frankenthaler,Helen — Frank·en·thal·er (frăngʹkən thô lər, thŏl ər), Helen. Born 1928. American abstract expressionist painter noted for her innovative techniques and brilliant use of color. Her works include The Human Edge (1967). * * * …   Universalium

  • Frankenthaler, Helen — (b. 1928)    American painter. She was born in New York. Her work includes ark curtains for the Temple of Aaron Congregation in St Paul, Minnesota …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Frankenthaler, Helen — (n. 12 dic. 1928, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.). Pintora estadounidense. Estudió con Rufino Tamayo en la secundaria y en el Bennington College, para regresar a su Nueva York natal y unirse a la segunda generación de expresionistas abstractos (ver… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Helen Frankenthaler — (* 12. Dezember 1928 in New York) ist eine US amerikanische Malerin und eine bedeutende Vertreterin des abstrakten Expressionismus. Zu ihren bekanntesten Werken zählen die Gemälde Mountains and Sea (1952) und Robinson s Wrap (1974). Ihre Arbeit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • FRANKENTHALER (H.) — FRANKENTHALER HELEN (1928 ) Elle appartient à la seconde génération de peintres expressionnistes américains qui ont travaillé sur les apports des De Kooning et des Pollock tout en mettant ainsi en cause l’unité fictive de l’action painting .… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Helen Frankenthaler — (née le 12 décembre 1928 à New York) est une artiste peintre appartenant au mouvement de l’expressionnisme abstrait. Elle est l’élève de Rufino Tamayo et de Meyer Schapiro. Références « Frankenthaler (Helen) », dans Le Petit Robert des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Helen — puede referirse a: Nombre Helen, nombre propio de mujer, traducción de Elena. Personajes con el nombre Elena Helen Atkinson Wood Helen Chadwick Helen Clark Helen Frankenthaler Helen Gandy Helen Garner Helen Hayes Helen Hunt Helen Keller Helen… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Helen — Hay varias mujeres llamadas Helen, incluyendo: ● Helen Atkinson Wood ● Helen Chadwick ● Helen Clark ● Helen Frankenthaler ● Helen Gandy ● Helen Garner ● Helen Hayes ● Helen Hunt ● Helen Keller ● Helen Mirren También existen al menos tres ciudades …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Helen — /hel euhn/, n. 1. Also called Helen of Troy. Class. Myth. the beautiful daughter of Zeus and Leda and wife of Menelaus whose abduction by Paris was the cause of the Trojan War. 2. a female given name. [ < F Hélène < L Helena < Gk Heléne, of… …   Universalium

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