Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)
Virus of the Herpesviridae family that is the major cause of acute infectious mononucleosis.

The virus, named for two of its discoverers, infects only salivary gland cells and one type of white blood cell. Saliva is the only bodily fluid that has been proved to contain infectious EBV particles. In less-developed nations, infection with EBV occurs in almost all children before the age of 5 and is not associated with recognizable symptoms. When EBV infection is delayed until the teen or early adult years, the body commonly responds differently, resulting in mononucleosis. Other, rarer disorders have also been linked with EBV, including certain cancers. There are no specific treatments for any form of EBV infection, and no vaccines have been developed.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Epstein-Barr, virus (EBV) — Virus de la familia Herpesviridae, causa principal de la mononucleosis infecciosa aguda. El virus, así llamado en homenaje a dos de sus descubridores, infecta sólo a las células de las glándulas salivales y a un tipo de glóbulo blanco. La saliva… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Epstein-Barr-Virus — Virionen des EBV (TEM Abbildung, Deformationen präparationsbedingt) Systematik Reich …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Epstein-Barr virus — Taxobox | color=violet name = Epstein Barr image caption = Two Epstein Barr virions virus group = i familia = Herpesviridae subfamilia = Gammaherpesvirinae genus = Lymphocryptovirus species = Human herpesvirus 4 (HHV 4)The Epstein Barr Virus… …   Wikipedia

  • Epstein-Barr virus — Virus d Epstein Barr Pour les articles homonymes, voir Epstein …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Epstein-Barr virus — A virus, abbreviated EBV, best known as the cause of infectious mononucleosis ( mono ). Infection with EBV is characterized by fatigue and general malaise. Infection with EBV is fairly common and is usually a transient and minor thing. However,… …   Medical dictionary

  • Epstein-Barr virus — /ep stuyn bahr / a type of herpes virus that causes infectious mononucleosis. Abbr.: EBV [after M. A. Epstein (b. 1921), British pathologist, and Y. M. Barr, British virologist, who isolated the virus in 1964] * * * ▪ pathology       virus of the …   Universalium

  • Epstein-Barr virus — noun the herpes virus that causes infectious mononucleosis; associated with specific cancers in Africa and China • Syn: ↑EBV • Hypernyms: ↑herpes, ↑herpes virus * * * ˌepˌstīn¦bär noun Usage: usually capitalized E&B Etymology …   Useful english dictionary

  • Epstein-Barr virus — Ep|stein Barr vi|rus [ ,epstaın bar ,vaırəs ] noun uncount an infectious VIRUS that makes you feel very tired and weak. Epstein Barr virus is also called EBV …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Epstein-Barr virus — UK [ˌepstaɪn ˈbɑː(r) ˌvaɪrəs] / US [ˌepstaɪn ˈbɑr ˌvaɪrəs] noun [uncountable] medical an infectious virus that makes you feel very tired and weak. Epstein Barr virus is also called EBV …   English dictionary

  • Epstein-Barr virus — EB virus; = EBV the virus, belonging to the herpesvirus group, that is the causative agent of glandular fever. It attacks B lymphocytes; an imbalance in the immune response to this gives rise to the clinical features of the disease. EB virus is… …   The new mediacal dictionary

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