Drusus Germanicus, Nero Claudius
- Drusus Germanicus, Nero Claudius
born 38 BC
Younger brother of Tiberius
and commander of Roman forces in German territory.
The reputed son of Octavian (later Augustus
), he was allowed to take office five years earlier than the legal age. In 13 BC he became governor of the three Gaul
s, where he conducted a census and erected an altar to Augustus. In 12 he marched into Germany, reaching the Elbe three years later. During those years he was made praetor
in 11 and consul
in 9. At the Elbe he was thrown from his horse and died. His son Claudius
later became emperor.
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▪ Roman commander [b. 38]
born 38 BC
died 9 BC
younger brother of Tiberius (who later became emperor) and commander of the Roman forces that occupied the German territory between the Rhine and Elbe rivers from 12 to 9 BC.
Drusus was born shortly after the divorce of his mother, Livia Drusilla, from Tiberius Claudius Nero; she immediately married Octavian (later Augustus), who was suspected of being Drusus' real father. Like his brother, Drusus was allowed to seek office five years before the legally specified age. He became praetor (magistrate
) in 11 and consul in 9. With Tiberius he fought against two Alpine tribes (the Raeti and Vindelici), and in
13 he was made governor of the three Gauls. In this office he carried out an important census and erected the altar of Augustus at Lugdunum (now Lyon).
In 12–9 he led expeditions into Germany, establishing bases, first at Vetera (at the junction of the Lippe and Rhine rivers) and then at Mogontiacum (now Mainz). The Frisii, Chauci, Cherusci, and Chatti tribes were subdued, and a canal, the Fossa Drusiana, was dug from the Rhine to the North Sea. In the year 9, Drusus reached the Elbe River, but he was thrown from his horse and died of the injuries 30 days later. He was posthumously given the cognomen Germanicus. Drusus' conquests were extensive, but most were lost when Arminius defeated Publius Quinctilius Varus in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest (AD 9). It was believed that Drusus desired the restoration of the republic, and his eldest son, Germanicus, was a popular favourite.
Drusus had married, about 16 BC, the younger Antonia, daughter of Mark Antony and Octavia. Their surviving children, besides Germanicus, were Livilla and Claudius, who later became emperor.
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Look at other dictionaries:
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Claudius — [klô′dē əs] 1. Claudius I (Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero Germanicus) 10 B.C. A.D. 54; Rom. emperor (41 54) 2. Claudius II (Marcus Aurelius Claudius Gothicus) A.D. 214 270; Rom. emperor (268 270) * * * I in full Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus… … Universalium
Nero — /near oh/, n. 1. (Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus) ( Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus )A.D. 37 68, emperor of Rome 54 68, known for his cruelty and depravity. 2. a male given name. * * * I in full Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus (or Drusus)… … Universalium
Germanicus — (as used in expressions) Gaius Caesar Germanicus Drusus Germanicus Nero Claudius Germanicus Caesar Tiberius Claudius Nero Germanicus Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus or Drusus Germanicus Caesar Nerva… … Universalium
Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus — noun Roman Emperor notorious for his monstrous vice and fantastic luxury (was said to have started a fire that destroyed much of Rome in 64) but the Roman Empire remained prosperous during his rule (37 68) • Syn: ↑Nero, ↑Lucius Domitius… … Useful english dictionary
DRUSUS, NERO CLAUDIUS — surnamed Germanicus, younger brother of Tiberius and son in law of Marc Antony; distinguished himself in four successive campaigns against the tribes of Germany, but stopped short at the Elbe, scared by the apparition of a woman of colossal… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia