Dix, Otto

Dix, Otto
born Dec. 2, 1891, Untermhaus, Thuringia, Ger.
died July 25, 1969, Singen, Baden-Württemberg, W.Ger.

German painter and printmaker.

He studied at the academies of Düsseldorf and Dresden and experimented with Impressionism and Dada before arriving at Expressionism with a nightmarish personal vision of contemporary social reality, depicting the horrors of war and the depravities of a decadent society with great emotional effect. He was appointed professor at the Dresden Academy in 1926 and elected to the Prussian Academy in 1931. His antimilitary works aroused the wrath of the Nazi regime and he was dismissed from his academic posts in 1933. His later work was marked by religious mysticism. See also Neue Sachlichkeit.

"Parents of the Artist," oil on canvas by Otto Dix, 1921; in the Öffentliche ...

By courtesy of the Offentliche Kunstsammlung and the Emanuel Hoffman-Stiftung, Basel, Switz.; photograph, Hans Hinz

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▪ German artist

born Dec. 2, 1891, Untermhaus, Thuringia, Ger.
died July 25, 1969, Singen, Baden-Württemberg, W.Ger.
 German painter and engraver who mixed compassion and Expressionist despair to create works harshly critical of society. He was associated and exhibited with the Neue Sachlichkeit (q.v.) group of painters.

      Son of a railway worker, Dix was apprenticed to a decorative artist and received training in Dresden. An Impressionist at first, he experimented with various trends in modern art until he arrived at a mordantly individual style, a nightmarish vision of contemporary social reality. While teaching at Düsseldorf (c. 1922–25) he did such representative paintings and drawings as “Pimp and Girls” and “Two Sacrifices of Capitalism” (the sacrifices are a grotesque prostitute and a defaced former soldier). In 1924 he etched 50 plates, entitled “War,” recording its horrors.

      Appointed a professor at the academy in Dresden (1927), Dix was elected to the Prussian Academy (1931). The Nazi regime, however, incensed at his antimilitary works, cancelled these affiliations and barred him from exhibiting. He was jailed in 1939 on a charge of complicity in a plot on Adolf Hitler's life, but in 1945 he was drafted into the home guard army at the age of 53. He was captured and released by the French.

      Dix later turned to religious mysticism, as in “Saul and David” (1945) and “Crucifixion” (1946).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Dix, Otto — (1891 1969)    artist; best known for his harsh portraits of postwar German society. Born in Untermhaus, near Gera, he studied art privately in 1905 1909 while working in Gera as a decorator s apprentice. His artistic train ing began in 1909 at… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Dix, Otto —    see Dix, Wilhelm Heinrich Otto …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Dix, Otto — ► (1891 1969) Pintor y grabador alemán. En un estilo naturalista denunció los horrores de la guerra: Tríptico de la guerra (1923 32) y La gran ciudad (1927 28). * * * (2 dic. 1891, Untermhaus, Turingia, Alemania–25 jul. 1969, Singen, Baden… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Dix, Otto —    см. Дикс, Otto …   Энциклопедический словарь экспрессионизма

  • Otto Kaiser (Künstler) — Otto Quirin (* 7. März 1927 in Mönchengladbach), eigentlich Otto Kaiser ist einer der wichtigsten Maler der lyrischen Abstraktion in Deutschland. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Auszeichnungen 3 Werk 4 Ausstellungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DIX — ist der Name folgender Personen: Alexander Dix (* 1951), deutscher Jurist; derzeitiger Beauftragter für Datenschutz und Informationsfreiheit des Landes Berlin Arthur Dix (1875–1935), deutscher Ökonom und Geopolitiker Dorothea Lynde Dix… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DIX (O.) — DIX OTTO (1891 1969) Le peintre allemand Otto Dix a joué vers 1925 un rôle capital au sein de la Neue Sachlichkeit («nouvelle objectivité»). Il est passé par l’impressionnisme et par un cubisme décoratif déjà allégorique quand, en 1920, il se… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • dix — [ dis ] devant une pause; [ di ] devant une consonne; [ diz ] devant une voyelle adj. numér. inv. et n. • dis, diz 1050; lat. decem I ♦ Adj. numér. card. Nombre entier naturel équivalant à neuf plus un (10; X). ⇒ déca . 1 ♦ Avec l art. défini,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Dix — (ant.) m. Dije. * * * dix. m. ant. dije (ǁ adorno que se ponía a los niños). || 2. ant. dije (ǁ joya, alhaja). * * * Dix, Otto …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Otto Dix — Este artículo trata sobre un pintor alemán. Para la banda rusa de dark wave, véase Otto Dix (banda). Otto Dix, en un autorretrato reproducido en un cartel …   Wikipedia Español

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