Cruise, Tom

Cruise, Tom
orig. Thomas Cruise Mapother IV

born July 3, 1962, Syracuse, N.Y., U.S.

U.S. actor.

He made his screen debut in 1981 and rose to stardom as the leading man in Risky Business (1983) and Top Gun (1986). He received acclaim for his dramatic roles in The Color of Money (1986), Rain Man (1988), Born on the Fourth of July (1989), and Magnolia (1999). His other films include A Few Good Men (1992), Mission: Impossible (1996), Jerry Maguire (1996), Stanley Kubrick's Eyes Wide Shut (1999), and Steven Spielberg's Minority Report (2002).

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▪ American actor
byname of  Thomas Cruise Mapother IV 
born July 3, 1962, Syracuse, N.Y., U.S.
 American actor, who emerged in the 1980s as one of Hollywood's most popular leading men, known for his clean-cut good looks and versatility.

      Cruise, who took up acting in high school, made his film debut in Endless Love (1981). He had supporting roles in such movies as Taps (1981) and The Outsiders (1983) before starring as a high-school senior who turns his parents' home into a brothel in Risky Business (1983). The movie was a major success, earning Cruise widespread recognition. His star status was cemented with Top Gun (1986), the highest-grossing film of that year, in which he played a navy jet pilot. In 1986 Cruise appeared opposite Paul Newman (Newman, Paul) in The Color of Money, which was directed by Martin Scorsese (Scorsese, Martin), and two years later starred as an autistic man's selfish brother in Rain Man. For his portrayal of a Vietnam veteran turned activist in Born on the Fourth of July (1989), Cruise received his first Academy Award nomination.

      Cruise went on to exhibit a broad depth and range of characters in his films during the 1990s, playing such diverse roles as a navy lawyer in A Few Good Men (1992), a vampire in Interview with the Vampire (1994), and a secret agent in Mission: Impossible (1996), which he also produced. His performance as a sports agent in Jerry Maguire (1996) earned Cruise a second Oscar nomination. In 1999 he starred with his then-wife, Nicole Kidman (Kidman, Nicole), in the highly anticipated final film of director Stanley Kubrick (Kubrick, Stanley), Eyes Wide Shut (1999), an examination of marital fidelity that drew mixed reviews. That year Cruise also earned acclaim as a misogynistic self-help guru in Magnolia, for which he received an Academy Award nomination for best supporting actor.

 Cruise starred in a number of action films in the 2000s, including the science-fiction thriller Minority Report (2002), directed by Steven Spielberg (Spielberg, Steven); The Last Samurai (2003), in which he played a disaffected U.S. soldier who aligns himself with a Samurai community; and the gritty Los Angeles–set Collateral (2004), where Cruise took on the role of an obdurate contract killer. He reteamed with Spielberg on War of the Worlds (2005), a visually impressive adaptation of the H.G. Wells (Wells, H.G.) novel of the same name. In his later films, including the Mission: Impossible sequels (2000, 2006), Cruise served as a producer as well as an actor. He also produced Valkyrie (2008), in which he portrayed the historical figure Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg (Stauffenberg, Claus, Graf (count) Schenk von), a German army officer who organized an attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler (Hitler, Adolf).

      Cruise's personal life often attracted as much attention as his acting. His marriage to Kidman was followed closely by the Hollywood media, as was their divorce in 2001. Over the next few years, his outspoken support of Scientology proved controversial, especially his 2005 public denouncement of psychiatry as an illegitimate science (a view held by Scientologists). Cruise continued to find attention in tabloids and entertainment media through his public relationship with actress Katie Holmes, whom he married in 2006.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Cruise, Tom — (July 3, 1962– )    Born Thomas Cruise Mapother IV,Tom Cruise dropped his father’s surname after his parents’ divorce when he was an adolescent. Cruise saw his father very little after that, until one final visit as his father lay dying of cancer …   The Encyclopedia of Stanley Kubrick

  • Cruise, Tom — ► (n. 1962) Actor cinematográfico estadounidense, especializado en papeles de galán. Entre otras películas, ha intervenido en El color del dinero (1986), Rain Man (1988), Nacido el cuatro de julio (1989), Entrevista con el vampiro (1994), Eyes… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cruise, Tom — pseud. di Cruise Mapother IV, Thomas …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Cruise, Tom, and Kidman, Nicole — ▪ 2000       In 1999 actors Tom Cruise and Nicole Kidman costarred in Eyes Wide Shut, the much hyped final film of director Stanley Kubrick. Although audiences could not resist the lure of seeing one of Hollywood s most attractive real life… …   Universalium

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  • tom — /tom/, n. 1. the male of various animals, as the turkey. 2. a tomcat. [1755 65; generic use of TOM] * * * (as used in expressions) Clancy Tom Clark Tom Cruise Tom Hanks Tom Kilburn Tom Mboya Tom Mix Tom Stoppard Sir Tom Watson Tom Wolfe Tom * * * …   Universalium

  • Tom — /tom/, n., v., Tommed, Tomming. n. 1. See Uncle Tom. 2. a male given name, form of Thomas. v.i. 3. (often l.c.) to act like an Uncle Tom. * * * (as used in expressions) Clancy Tom Clark Tom Cruise Tom Hanks Tom Kilburn Tom Mboya Tom Mix Tom… …   Universalium

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