Colombo, Matteo Realdo

Colombo, Matteo Realdo
born 1516?, Cremona [Italy]
died 1559, Rome

Italian anatomist and surgeon.

He is credited with the discovery of pulmonary circulation. On Things Anatomical (1559), his only formal written work, includes a description of how the heart pumps blood and outlines the pulmonary circulation and the return of bright-red blood to the heart from the lungs.

* * *

▪ Italian physician

born 1516?, Cremona [Italy]
died 1559, Rome
 Italian anatomist and surgeon who anticipated the English anatomist William Harvey, the discoverer of general human blood circulation, in clearly describing the pulmonary circulation, or passage of blood between the heart and the lungs.

      At the University of Padua (1538), Colombo studied medicine and surgery and succeeded Andreas Vesalius as professor of surgery in 1543. In 1546 Colombo became the first professor of anatomy at the University of Pisa and, in a similar position at the Sapienza, or Papal University, in Rome (1548–59), was surgeon to Pope Julius III.

      De re anatomica (1559; “On Things Anatomical”), his only formal written work, includes several important original observations derived from his dissections on both living animals and human cadavers. His descriptions of the mediastinum (organs and tissues within the thoracic cavity, excluding the lungs), pleura (membrane surrounding the lungs), and peritoneum (membrane surrounding the abdominal organs) are the best made to that time. Most important, however, was his description of general heart action, which correctly stated that blood is received into the ventricles during diastole, or relaxation of the heart muscle, and expelled from them during systole, or contraction. He clearly outlined circulation of venous blood from the right ventricle, through the pulmonary artery to the lungs, whence it emerges bright red after mixture with a “spirit” in the air, and returns to the left ventricle through the pulmonary vein.

      Although pulmonary circulation had been espoused clearly as early as the 13th century, accounts of it were unknown to contemporary science, and Colombo was recognized by his colleagues and by William Harvey as the discoverer of the phenomenon.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Colombo, Matteo Realdo — (¿1516?, Cremona [Italia]–1559, Roma). Anatomista y cirujano italiano. Se le atribuye el descubrimiento de la circulación pulmonar. De re anatomica [Sobre cosas anatómicas] (1559), su único trabajo formal escrito, consigna una descripción de cómo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Realdo Colombo — Matteo Realdo Colombo Matteo Realdo Colombo ou Realdus Columbus (Crémone, 1510 Padoue, 1559) était un médecin et chirurgien italien de la Renaissance, ami de Michel Ange, qui fut professeur d anatomie à l Université de Padoue entre 1544 et …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Realdo Colombo — Matteo Realdo Colombo or Renaldus Columbus. Realdo Colombo was an Italian professor of anatomy and a surgeon at the University of Padua between 1544 and 1559. Contents 1 …   Wikipedia

  • Realdo Colombo — (unbekannter Künstler) Matteo Realdo Colombo oder latinisiert Renaldus Columbus (* um 1516 in Cremona; † 1559 in Rom) war ein italienischer Anatom und Chirurg. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mateo Realdo Colombo — Retrato de Matteo Realdo Colombo, autor anónimo Mateo Realdo Colombo o Renaldus Columbus (c. 1516 1559) fue un profesor de anatomía y cirujano de la Universidad de Padua, Italia (1544 1559), alumno y sucesor de Vesalio. Su obra fue publicada bajo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Renaldus Columbus — Realdo Colombo (unbekannter Künstler) Matteo Realdo Colombo oder latinisiert Renaldus Columbus (* um 1516 in Cremona; † 1559 in Rom) war ein italienischer Anatom und Chirurg. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Col — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Коломбо, Реальдо — Реальдо Коломбо Дата рождения: 1515 или 1516 Место рождения …   Википедия

  • List of Italians — This is a list of notable Italians in alphabetical order.cientistsA FAntonio Abetti, astronomer *Maria Gaetana Agnesi, mathematician *Francesco Alberoni, sociologist and journalist *Giuseppe Averani, jurist and naturalist *Amedeo Avogadro (1776… …   Wikipedia

  • Medicine — This article is about the science and art of healing. For pharmaceutical drugs, see Medication. For other uses, see Medicine (disambiguation). Statue of Asclepius, the Greek god of medicine, holding the symbolic Rod of Asclepius with its coiled… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”