Inuvik [in′o͞o vik, in′yo͞ovik]1. region of Northwest Territories, Canada2. town in this region: pop 3,300
* * *I·nu·vik (ĭ-no͞oʹvĭk)A region of northwest Northwest Territories, Canada. It is crossed by the Mackenzie River.
* * *town, Inuvik region, Northwest Territories, Canada. It lies along the East Channel of the Mackenzie River delta, just east of the northernmost point of the Yukon. Planned as a model community by the Canadian government, with an Inuit (Eskimo) name meaning “place of man,” it was built (1954–62) on firm, well-drained land to avoid the building, road, and sewer construction problems that had plagued Aklavik, which was established on shifting permafrost and silt.Inuvik is the government headquarters of Inuvik region. The town is now the major commercial and transportation centre for the area and has schools, a hospital, and hotel facilities. It is a centre for trappers, sealers, and walrus hunters, is a base for oil exploration of the area, and specializes in Inuit handicrafts and garments. Pop. (2006) 3,484.northwestern region of the Northwest Territories, Canada. Inuvik region was created in the early 1970s by the territorial government and was formerly part of Mackenzie and Franklin districts. It extends from Wrigley northward along the middle reaches of the Mackenzie River, which forms its heartland, to the river's delta on the Beaufort Sea of the Arctic Ocean and including Banks Island, the westernmost island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, to the north. The region includes the Richardson and Mackenzie mountains (in the northwest and southwest, respectively), the Mackenzie River lowlands (centre), and the Franklin Mountains (east). Most of the region lies in a subarctic coniferous forest-tundra vegetation zone. Inuvik town, located on the Mackenzie River delta, is the regional headquarters and the area's major commercial and transportation centre. The region's economy, once based on fur trapping and whaling, now includes the development of petroleum and natural-gas resources. The population is a mix of Athabascan-speaking North American Indians, Inuit (Eskimo), and other Canadians. Pop. (2006) 9,192.
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