Cartwright, Edmund

Cartwright, Edmund
born April 24, 1743, Marnham, Nottinghamshire, Eng.
died Oct. 30, 1823, Hastings, Sussex

British inventor.

On visiting Richard Arkwright's cotton-spinning mills, he was inspired to construct a power-driven machine for weaving. He invented a power loom and set up a weaving and spinning factory in Yorkshire. In 1789 he patented a wool-combing machine. In 1809 the House of Commons voted to reward him for the benefits his loom had conferred on the nation. His other inventions included a cordelier (machine for making rope) and a steam engine that used alcohol instead of water.

* * *

▪ British inventor
born April 24, 1743, Marnham, Nottinghamshire, Eng.
died Oct. 30, 1823, Hastings, Sussex
 English inventor of the first wool-combing machine and of the predecessor of the modern power loom.

      Cartwright began his career as a clergyman, becoming, in 1779, rector of Goadby Marwood, Leicestershire; in 1786 he was a prebendary in Lincoln (Lincolnshire) cathedral. He probably would have spent his life as an obscure country clergyman had his attention not been turned to Sir Richard Arkwright's cotton-spinning mills at Cromford, Derbyshire, which he saw on a visit in 1784. Inspired to construct a similar machine for weaving, he invented a crude power loom, first patented in 1785. That same year he set up a weaving and spinning factory in Doncaster, Yorkshire, but had to surrender it to creditors in 1793. In 1789 he had patented a wool-combing machine; although it lowered manufacturing costs, it did not benefit Cartwright financially. In 1809, however, the House of Commons voted Cartwright £10,000 in recognition of benefits conferred on the nation through his power loom. His other inventions included a cordelier (machine for making rope; 1792) and a steam engine that used alcohol instead of water.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cartwright,Edmund — Cart·wright (kärtʹrīt ), Edmund. 1743 1823. British cleric and inventor of the power loom (1785 1790). * * * …   Universalium

  • Cartwright, Edmund — (24 abr. 1743, Marnham, Nottinghamshire, Inglaterra–30 oct. 1823, Hastings, Sussex). Inventor británico. Sus visitas a las hilanderías de algodón de Richard Arkwright, lo inspiraron para la construcción de una máquina de tejer accionada… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • CARTWRIGHT, EDMUND —    inventor of the powerloom and the carding machine, born in Nottinghamshire; bred for the Church; his invention, at first violently opposed, to his ruin for the time being, is now universally adopted; a grant of £10,000 was made him by… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Edmund — or Edmond [ed′mənd] n. 〚OE Eadmund < ead (see EDGAR1) + mund, hand, protection: see MANUAL〛 a masculine name: dim. Ed, Ned * * * (849–870) a …   Universalium

  • CARTWRIGHT (E.) — CARTWRIGHT EDMUND (1743 1823) Inventée par Watt en 1783, la machine rotative à vapeur devait trouver de multiples applications industrielles. L’inventeur anglais Cartwright, l’un des premiers, à partir de 1785, cherche à l’utiliser dans le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cartwright — (Edmund) (1743 1823) ingénieur anglais. Il utilisa la machine à vapeur dans l industrie textile (1785) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Edmund Cartwright — Infobox Person name = Edmund Cartwright image size = 150px caption = Edmund Cartwright birth name = birth date = April 24, 1743 birth place = Marham, Norfolk death date = October 30, 1823 death place = Hastings, Sussex death cause = resting place …   Wikipedia

  • Edmund Cartwright — Edmond Cartwright Edmund Cartwright (1743 à Marham, Nottinghamshire, Angleterre 1823) était un pasteur et mécanicien anglais, inventeur du métier a tisser mécanique (filature) La première machine de Cartwright, vers 1785, était difficile à faire… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edmund Cartwright — Porträt Edmond oder Edmund Cartwright (* 24. April 1743 in Marnham, Nottingham; † 30. Oktober 1823 in Kent) war Geistlicher mit Doktorwürde. Er ist für die Erfindung der mechanischen Webmaschine Power Loom bekannt. Meilensteine in Cartwrights… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edmund — (as used in expressions) Andros, Sir Edmund Burke, Edmund Cartwright, Edmund Cockburn, Sir Alexander (James Edmund), 10° baronet Dewey, Thomas E(dmund) Gosse, Sir Edmund Hillary, Sir Edmund (Percival) Husserl, Edmund Kean, Edmund Martinson, Harry …   Enciclopedia Universal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”