Capote, Truman

Capote, Truman
orig. Truman Streckfus Persons

born Sept. 30, 1924, New Orleans, La., U.S.
died Aug. 25, 1984, Los Angeles, Calif.

U.S. novelist, short-story writer, and playwright.

Capote spent much of his youth in small towns in Louisiana and Alabama. His early works, in the Southern Gothic tradition, include the novels Other Voices, Other Rooms (1948) and The Grass Harp (1951) and the story collection A Tree of Night (1949). His later journalistic style was exemplified in the highly successful "nonfiction novel" In Cold Blood (1966), an account of a multiple murder. Other works include the novella Breakfast at Tiffany's (1958; film, 1961), the musical House of Flowers (1954; with Harold Arlen), and the collections The Dogs Bark (1973) and Music for Chameleons (1980).

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▪ American author
original name  Truman Streckfus Persons  
born Sept. 30, 1924, New Orleans, La., U.S.
died Aug. 25, 1984, Los Angeles, Calif.
 American novelist, short-story writer, and playwright. His early writing extended the Southern Gothic tradition, but he later developed a more journalistic approach in the novel In Cold Blood (1965), which remains his best-known work.

      His parents were divorced when he was young, and he spent his childhood with various elderly relatives in small towns in Louisiana and Alabama. (He owed his surname to his mother's remarriage, to Joseph Garcia Capote.) He attended private schools and eventually joined his mother and stepfather at Millbrook, Conn., where he completed his secondary education at Greenwich High School.

      Capote drew on his childhood experiences for many of his early works of fiction. Having abandoned further schooling, he achieved early literary recognition in 1945 when his haunting short story “Miriam” was published in Mademoiselle magazine; it won the O. Henry Memorial Award the following year, the first of four such awards Capote was to receive. His first novel, Other Voices, Other Rooms (1948), was acclaimed as the work of a young writer of great promise. The book is a sensitive portrayal of a homosexually inclined boy's search for his father and his own identity through a nightmarishly decadent Southern world. The short story “Shut a Final Door” (O. Henry Award, 1946) and other tales of loveless and isolated persons were collected in A Tree of Night (1949). The quasi-autobiographical novel The Grass Harp (1951) is a story of nonconforming innocents who retire temporarily from life to a tree house, returning renewed to the real world. One of Capote's most popular works, Breakfast at Tiffany's (1958; filmed 1961), is a novella about a young, fey Manhattan playgirl.

      Capote's increasing preoccupation with journalism was reflected in the “nonfiction novel” In Cold Blood, a chilling account of a multiple murder committed by two young psychopaths in Kansas. Capote spent six years interviewing the principals in the case, and the critical and popular success of his novel about them was the high point of his dual careers as a writer and a celebrity socialite. For though a serious writer, Capote was also a party-loving sybarite who became a darling of the rich and famous of high society. Endowed with a quirky but attractive character, he entertained television audiences with outrageous tales recounted in his distinctively high-pitched Southern drawl.

      Capote's later writings never approached the success of his earlier ones. In the late 1960s he adapted two short stories about his childhood, “A Christmas Memory” and “The Thanksgiving Visitor,” for television. The Dogs Bark (1973) consists of collected essays and profiles over a 30-year span, while the collection Music for Chameleons (1980) includes both fiction and nonfiction. In later years Capote's growing dependence on drugs and alcohol stifled his productivity. Moreover, selections from a projected work that he considered to be his masterpiece, a social satire entitled Answered Prayers, appeared in Esquire magazine in 1975 and raised a storm among friends and foes who were harshly depicted in the work (under the thinnest of disguises). He was thereafter ostracized by his former celebrity friends. Answered Prayers remained unfinished at his death.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Capote, Truman — ► (1924 84) Seudónimo de Truma Strekfus, escritor estadounidense. Representante de una corriente literaria en la que la realidad y el sueño se confunden. Obtuvo gran éxito con su novela Otras voces, otros ámbitos (1948). * * * orig. Truman… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Capote,Truman — Ca·po·te (kə pōʹtē), Truman. 1924 1984. American writer whose works include novels, stories, plays, and reportage. He introduced the genre of the nonfiction novel with In Cold Blood (1966). * * * …   Universalium

  • Capote, Truman —    см. Капоте, Трумэн …   Писатели США. Краткие творческие биографии

  • Truman Streckfus Persons — Truman Capote Pour les articles homonymes, voir Capote. Truman Capote …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Truman Streckfus Persons — Truman Capote (1959) Truman Capote [ˈtruːmən kəˈpoʊti] (* 30. September 1924 in New Orleans; † 25. August 1984 in Los Angeles, geboren als Truman Streckfus Persons) war ein US amerikanischer Schriftst …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Truman Capote — en 1959. Nombre completo Truman Streckfus Persons Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • CAPOTE (T.) — CAPOTE TRUMAN (1924 1984) Né à La Nouvelle Orléans, Truman Capote passe son enfance sur la plantation d’une de ses tantes qui l’élève, après le divorce de ses parents. Il fait ses études en Louisiane et dans l’Alabama, tout en faisant de nombreux …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Truman Capote — [Truman Capote] (1924–84) a US writer. His best known works are Breakfast at Tiffany’s (1958) and the ‘non fiction novel’ In Cold Blood (1966). Film versions were made of both books. Capote became popular with members of New York society but was… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Truman — Truman, Harry S. * * * (as used in expressions) Capote, Truman Truman Streckfus Persons Truman, doctrina Truman, Harry S …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Truman Capote — Infobox Writer name = Truman Capote caption = Truman Capote, as photographed by Roger Higgins in 1959 birthdate = birth date|1924|09|30 birthplace = New Orleans, Louisiana, United States deathdate = death date and age|1984|8|25|1924|11|30… …   Wikipedia

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