Caillebotte, Gustave

Caillebotte, Gustave
born Aug. 19, 1848, Paris, Fr.
died Feb. 21, 1894, Gennevilliers

French painter and art collector.

Born to a wealthy family, he was a naval architect by profession. He pursued his interest in painting at the École des Beaux-Arts and became a prolific painter of contemporary subjects, town and country views, still lifes, and boating scenes. In Caillebotte's masterpiece, Paris Street; Rainy Day (1877), he used bold perspective to create a monumental portrait of a Paris intersection. In addition to his own painting, Caillebotte was the chief organizer, promoter, and financial backer of the Impressionist exhibitions, and he purchased works by Édouard Manet, Edgar Degas, Claude Monet, Paul Cézanne, and others. He bequeathed his collection to the state, and in 1897 it formed the basis of the first Impressionist exhibition in a French museum. See Impressionism.

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▪ French painter
born August 19, 1848, Paris, France
died February 21, 1894, Gennevilliers

      French painter, art collector, and impresario who combined aspects of the academic and Impressionist (Impressionism) styles in a unique synthesis.

 Born into a wealthy family, Caillebotte trained to be an engineer but became interested in painting and studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He met Pierre-Auguste Renoir (Renoir, Pierre-Auguste) and Claude Monet (Monet, Claude) in 1874 and showed his works at the Impressionist exhibition of 1876 and its successors. Caillebotte became the chief organizer, promoter, and financial backer of the Impressionist (Impressionism) exhibitions for the next six years, and he used his wealth to purchase works by other Impressionists, notably Monet, Renoir, Camille Pissarro, Paul Cézanne, Edgar Degas, Alfred Sisley, and Berthe Morisot.

 Caillebotte was an artist of remarkable abilities, but his posthumous reputation languished because most of his paintings remained in the hands of his family and were neither exhibited nor reproduced until the second half of the 20th century. His early paintings feature the broad new boulevards and modern apartment blocks created by Baron Haussmann for Paris in the 1850s and '60s. The iron bridge depicted in The Pont de l'Europe (1876) typifies this interest in the modern urban environment, while The Parquet Floor Polishers (1875) is a realistic scene of urban craftsmen busily at work. Caillebotte's masterpiece, Paris Street; Rainy Day (1877), uses bold perspective to create a monumental portrait of a Paris intersection on a rainy day. Caillebotte also painted portraits and figure studies, boating scenes and rural landscapes, and decorative studies of flowers. He tended to use brighter colours and heavier brushwork in his later works.

      Caillebotte's originality lay in his attempt to combine the careful drawing and modeling and exact tonal values advocated by the Académie with the vivid colours, bold perspectives, keen sense of natural light, and modern subject matter of the Impressionists. Caillebotte's posthumous bequest of his art collection to the French government was accepted only reluctantly by the state. When the Caillebotte Room opened at the Luxembourg Palace in 1897, it was the first exhibition of Impressionist paintings ever to be displayed in a French museum.

Additional Reading
Marie Berhaut and Sophie Pietri, Gustave Caillebotte: Catalogue Raisonné des peintures et pastels, new ed. rev. and enlarged (1994); Anne Distel et al., Gustave Caillebotte: Urban Impressionist (1995).

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Caillebotte, Gustave — (1848 1894)    painter, collector    Born in Paris, Gustave Caillebotte is known for his scenes of contemporary French urban life, especially of the Parisian upper middle class. He was a patron also of the impressionists, with whom he exhibited.… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Caillebotte, Gustave — (19 ago. 1848, París, Francia–21 feb. 1894, Gennevilliers). Pintor y coleccionista de arte francés. Nació en el seno de una familia acomodada y fue arquitecto naval de profesión. Su interés por la pintura lo llevó a seguir estudios en la École… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gustave Caillebotte — Gustave Caillebotte,(Autorretrato 1892). Nacimiento 19 de agosto de 1848 …   Wikipedia Español

  • CAILLEBOTTE (G.) — CAILLEBOTTE GUSTAVE (1848 1894) Peintre, collectionneur et mécène, Gustave Caillebotte illustre dans ces différentes activités le rayonnement de l’impressionnisme. S’il n’est pas, en effet, un des grands créateurs du mouvement, il en est un des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gustave Caillebotte — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Caillebotte. Gustave Caillebotte Autoportrait, 1892 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Caillebotte — Autoportrait von 1892 Gustave Caillebotte (* 19. August 1848 in Paris; † 21. Februar 1894 in Gennevilliers) war ein französischer Maler des Impressionismus und Kunstsammler. Leben Bereits mit 25 Jahren beerbte er seinen wohlhabenden Vat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gustave — /gus tahv/; Fr. /gyuus tannv /, n. a male given name: from a Germanic word meaning staff of God. * * * (as used in expressions) Beauregard Pierre Gustave Toutant Caillebotte Gustave Courbet Gustave Doré Gustave Paul Flaubert Gustave Gamelin… …   Universalium

  • Gustave — (as used in expressions) Beauregard, P(ierre) G(ustave) T(outant) Caillebotte, Gustave Courbet, Gustave Doré, Gustave (Paul) Flaubert, Gustave Gamelin, Maurice (Gustave) Le Bon, Gustave Moreau, Gustave …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gustave Caillebotte — (August 19, 1848 ndash;February 21, 1894), was a French painter, member and patron of the group of artists known as Impressionists, though he painted in a much more realistic manner than many other artists in the group. Caillebotte was noted for… …   Wikipedia

  • Caillebotte —   [kaj bɔt], Gustave, französischer Maler, * Paris 19. 8. 1848, ✝ Gennevilliers (bei Paris) 2. 3. 1894; malte Genrebilder, Landschaften, Porträts und Stillleben; Förderer der Impressionisten, vermachte seine kostbare Sammlung impressionistischer… …   Universal-Lexikon

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