Bologna, University of

Bologna, University of
Oldest university in Europe, founded in Bologna, Italy, in 1088.

It became in the 12th–13th centuries the principal centre for studies in civil and canon law, and it served as a model for the organization of universities throughout Europe. Its faculties of medicine and philosophy were formed с 1200. The faculty of science was developed in the 17th century. In the 18th century women were admitted as students and teachers. The modern university includes faculties of law, political science, economics, letters and philosophy, natural sciences, agriculture, medicine, and engineering.

* * *

Italian  Università Degli Studi Di Bologna,  

      one of the oldest and most famous universities in Europe, founded in the Italian city of Bologna in the 11th century. It became in the 12th and 13th centuries the principal centre for studies in civil and canon law and attracted students from all over Europe. Since it then had no fixed site or student housing, scholars of like nationality formed free associations, or guilds, to secure protections that they could not claim as citizens (see nation). The organizations formed at Bologna became models for modern universities. In 1158 Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa granted privileges to scholars of Bologna that were eventually extended to all Italian universities.

      The students at Bologna were mostly mature men; as the civil law and canon law were at first the only branches of study, they attracted men already filling office in some department of the church or state—archdeacons, heads of schools, canons of cathedrals, and like functionaries. About the year 1200 the faculties of medicine and philosophy (or liberal arts) were formed. The medical faculty became famous in the 13th century for reviving the practice of human dissection, which had not been used in Europe since Roman times. The faculty of science was developed in the 17th century, and in the 18th century women were admitted as students and teachers.

      After a period of decline, Bologna was reorganized in 1860 and resumed its place among Italy's foremost universities. The contemporary university includes faculties of jurisprudence, political science, letters and philosophy, medicine, and engineering.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bologna, University of — • A tradition of the thirteenth century attributed the foundation of this university to Theodosius II (433); but this legend is now generally rejected Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Bologna, University of —    The older of the two greatest universities of medieval and Renaissance Italy, known especially for the study of law but also possessing a highly regarded faculty of medicine. The university came into being by natural growth, beginning in the… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • bologna — /beuh loh nee, neuh, lohn yeuh/, n. a large seasoned sausage made of finely ground meat, usually beef and pork, that has been cooked and smoked. Also called bologna sausage. [1555 65; after BOLOGNA, Italy] * * * City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 369,955) …   Universalium

  • Bologna — /beuh lohn yeuh/; It. /baw law nyah/, n. 1. Giovanni da /jee euh vah nee deuh/; It. /jaw vahn nee dah/, (Jean de Boulogne, Giambologna), c1525 1608, Italian sculptor, born in France. 2. a city in N Italy. 484,406. * * * City (pop., 2001 prelim.:… …   Universalium

  • university — universitarian /yooh neuh verr si tair ee euhn/, n., adj. /yooh neuh verr si tee/, n., pl. universities. an institution of learning of the highest level, having a college of liberal arts and a program of graduate studies together with several… …   Universalium

  • BOLOGNA — BOLOGNA, city of north central Italy. There is documented evidence of a Jewish presence since 1353, when the Jewish banker Gaius Finzi from Rome took up his residence in the quartier of Porta Procola. In the second half of the 14th century around …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • University of Helsinki — is not to be confused with either the Helsinki University of Technology or the University of Art and Design Helsinki. University of Helsinki Helsingin yliopisto Helsingfors universitet …   Wikipedia

  • University of Coimbra — Universidade de Coimbra Latin: Universitas Conimbrigensis Established 1290 …   Wikipedia

  • University of Padua —     University of Padua     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► University of Padua     The University of Padua dates, according to some anonymous chronicles (Muratori, Rer. Ital. Script. , VIII, 371, 421, 459, 736), from 1222, when a part of the Studium… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • University of Naples Federico II — Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II Motto Ad Scientiarum Haustum et Seminarium Doctrinarum Established 1224 Type State …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”