Biscayne National Park

Biscayne National Park
Preserve, southeastern Florida, U.S. Located 20 mi (32 km) south of Miami, with an area of 172,925 acres (70,035 hectares), it consists mostly of coral reef and water containing some 33 keys that form a north-to-south chain separating Biscayne Bay from the Atlantic Ocean.

It is noted for a wide variety of sea life. Authorized as Biscayne National Monument in 1968, it became a national park in 1980.

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      area of coral reefs and other marine features in the Atlantic Ocean off the southeastern coast of Florida, U.S., about 20 miles (32 km) south of Miami. Authorized as Biscayne National Monument in 1968 (with a boundary change in 1974), it became a national park in 1980. The park protects the northernmost group of living coral reefs in the United States and their ecosystem. Its surface area is 270 square miles (699 square km), 95 percent of which is water.

      The park lies at the northern end of the Florida Keys, between Key Biscayne to the north and Key Largo to the south. It consists of (from west to east) a mangrove-covered shoreline, the shallow Biscayne Bay, about 33 keys (or islands) that form a north-south chain separating the bay from the Atlantic Ocean, and the underwater coral reefs in the Atlantic. A relatively narrow strip of mainland shoreline (0.5 to 1 mile [1 to 1.5 km] wide), interrupted by a nuclear power plant at Turkey Point in the southwest, forms most of the western boundary of the park and is the location of park headquarters. This shoreline is covered by an almost unbroken, nearly impenetrable mangrove swamp, which provides shelter for birds, mammals, and marine life. Biscayne Bay, with a maximum depth of about 12 feet (4 metres), supports underwater sea grass beds inhabited by shrimps, lobsters, fishes, sea turtles, and manatees. The chain of keys along the eastern edge of the bay are fringed by mangroves; the interiors of these islands are covered by tropical hardwood forests, with a variety of trees and shrubs common to the West Indies. In the Atlantic Ocean to the east of these keys lie the shallow-water reefs noted for both their variety of corals—elkhorn, brain, and staghorn—and their brilliantly coloured tropical fishes—wrasse, angelfish, and goby. These reefs support more than 200 types of fishes.

      Access to the park is by boat (private or commercial), with glass-bottomed boat rides available for viewing the coral reefs. Camping is permitted on some of the keys, and some have overnight anchorage sites located offshore.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Biscayne National Park —   [bɪs keɪn næʃnl pɑːk], Nationalpark in Florida, USA, 730 km2; gegründet 1980; Meeresabschnitt (Teil der Biscayne Bay) mit lebendem Korallenriff südlich von Miami …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Biscayne National Park — Parc national de Biscayne Parc national de Biscayne Biscayne National Park Catégorie II de la CMAP (Parc national) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Biscayne National Park — Infobox Protected area name = Biscayne National Park iucn category = II caption = Sunset at Biscayne National Park locator x = locator y = location = Miami Dade County, Florida, USA nearest city = Miami lat degrees = 25 lat minutes = 39 lat… …   Wikipedia

  • Biscayne National Park — Biscayne Nationalpark Der Park besteht zu einem überwiegenden Anteil aus Wasser …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Biscayne National Park — noun a national park in Florida having underwater coral reefs and marine life • Instance Hypernyms: ↑national park • Part Holonyms: ↑Florida, ↑Sunshine State, ↑Everglade State, ↑FL …   Useful english dictionary

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Biscayne National Park — This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Biscayne National Park. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Biscayne National Park, Florida,… …   Wikipedia

  • National Park Service — Arrowhead Agency overview Formed August 25, 1916 Jurisdiction …   Wikipedia

  • national park — noun a tract of land declared by the national government to be public property (Freq. 1) • Hypernyms: ↑park, ↑parkland • Instance Hyponyms: ↑Acadia National Park, ↑Arches National Park, ↑Badlands National Park, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • National Park of American Samoa — IUCN Category II (National Park) …   Wikipedia

  • Everglades National Park — IUCN Category Ib (Wilderness Area) …   Wikipedia

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