Berthelot, (Pierre-Eugène-) Marcellin

Berthelot, (Pierre-Eugène-) Marcellin
born Oct. 27, 1827, Paris, France
died March 18, 1907, Paris

French chemist.

The first professor of organic chemistry at the Collège de France (from 1865), he later also held high government offices, including that of foreign minister (1895–96). He did research in alcohols and carboxylic acids, the synthesis of hydrocarbons, and reaction rates, studied the mechanism of explosion, discovered many coal-tar derivatives, and wrote on the history of early chemistry. He was a pioneer in the use of chemical analysis as a tool of archaeology. His work helped break down the traditional division between organic and inorganic compounds. He opposed the then-current idea that a "vital force" is responsible for synthesis and was one of the first to prove that all chemical phenomena depend on physical forces that can be measured.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Berthelot, Pierre-Eugène-Marcellin — ▪ French chemist Introduction born Oct. 27, 1827, Paris, France died March 18, 1907, Paris  French organic and physical chemist, science historian, and government official. His creative thought and work significantly influenced the development of …   Universalium

  • Berthelot , Pierre Eugène Marcellin — (1827–1907) French chemist The Parisian born son of a doctor, Berthelot studied medicine at the Collège de France but became interested in chemistry, becoming assistant to Antoine Jérôme Balard in 1851. He was professor of organic chemistry at… …   Scientists

  • Pierre-Eugène-Marcellin Berthelot — Marcellin Berthelot Pour les articles homonymes, voir Berthelot.  Ne doit pas être confondu avec l homme politique du XXe siècle Marcelin Berthelot …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre Eugène Marcellin Berthelot — Marcellin Berthelot Pour les articles homonymes, voir Berthelot.  Ne doit pas être confondu avec l homme politique du XXe siècle Marcelin Berthelot …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre-Eugène-Marcelin Berthelot — Marcellin Berthelot Pour les articles homonymes, voir Berthelot.  Ne doit pas être confondu avec l homme politique du XXe siècle Marcelin Berthelot …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre Eugène Marcelin Berthelot — Marcellin Berthelot Pour les articles homonymes, voir Berthelot.  Ne doit pas être confondu avec l homme politique du XXe siècle Marcelin Berthelot …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre Marcellin Berthelot — Marcellin Berthelot Pour les articles homonymes, voir Berthelot.  Ne doit pas être confondu avec l homme politique du XXe siècle Marcelin Berthelot …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Marcellin Berthelot — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Berthelot.  Ne doit pas être confondu avec l homme politique du XXe siècle Marcelin Berthelot Pierre Eugène Marcellin Berthelot …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre — /pear/ for 1; /pee air / or, Fr., /pyerdd/ for 2, n. 1. a city in and the capital of South Dakota, in the central part, on the Missouri River. 11,973. 2. a male given name, form of Peter. * * * I City (pop., 2000: 13,876), capital of South Dakota …   Universalium

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