Altdorfer, Albrecht

Altdorfer, Albrecht
born с 1480
died Feb. 12, 1538, Regensburg

German painter and printmaker.

He was the leading artist of the Danube school. Most of his works depict religious subjects, but he was one of the first artists to develop landscape painting as an independent genre, specializing in sunset lighting and ruins in twilight. His drawings demonstrate these skills in black with white highlights on dark paper. The influence of Albrecht Dürer is evident in his miniature engravings and woodcuts. From 1526 until his death he was town architect of Regensburg; no architectural work of his is known to have survived.

* * *

▪ German artist

born c. 1480
died Feb. 12, 1538, Regensburg [Germany]
 German painter, printmaker, and draftsman who was one of the founders of landscape painting.

      Altdorfer spent most of his life in Regensburg, becoming a citizen in 1505 and in later years serving as official architect of the city and a member of its inner council. He was the guiding spirit of the Danube school of painting. His early figure paintings show a growing preoccupation with landscape, until in “St. George and the Dragon” (1510) the knight is practically overwhelmed by the primeval forest in which he performs his feat. With the “Regensburg Landscape” (c. 1522–25) and other works, Altdorfer painted the first pure landscapes—i.e., landscape scenes containing no human figures whatsoever—since antiquity. His favourite subject was the leafy and impenetrable forests of Germany and Austria. He was also among the first to depict sunset lighting and picturesque ruins in twilight. Several of his altar panels in the Church of St. Florian near Linz, completed in 1518, depicting the Passion of Christ and the martyrdom of St. Sebastian, are night scenes in which he exploited the possibilities of torch light, star light, or twilight with unusual brilliance. Altdorfer's masterpiece, the “Battle of Alexander at Issus” (1529; Alte Pinakothek, Munich), is both a battle scene of incredible detail and a highly dramatic and expressive landscape.

      The fantastic element that pervaded Altdorfer's paintings was also prominent in his drawings, most of which were done in black with white highlights on brown or blue-gray paper. His engravings and woodcuts, usually miniatures, are distinguished by their playful inventiveness. Late in his career he used the new medium of etching to produce a series of landscapes.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ALTDORFER, Albrecht — (c. 1480 1538) Albrecht Altdorfer, one of the first true landscape painters, was born in or near Regensburg in Bavaria, where he spent most of his life, and where he was a leading member of the Danube school of painting. A man of property, he was …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Altdorfer, Albrecht — (c. 1480 1538)    Painter from the Danube School, active mainly in Regensburg, where he became a citizen in 1505. Little is known of Altdorfer s activities up to that year. The number of properties he owned in Regensburg attest to the fact that… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Altdorfer, Albrecht — (ca. 1480 1538)    German painter, active at Regensburg in Bavaria, where he became town architect in 1526. He was a close student of nature and one of the earliest artists to paint landscapes containing no human figures and recounting no story.… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Altdorfer, Albrecht — (c1480 Altdorf 1538 Regensburg) (Germany)    Painter, copper engraver, draughtsman, woodcut printmaker, and architect. Studied in Austria. Specialized in religious and history subjects, but best known for his landscapes. His image of Lot and his… …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Altdorfer, Albrecht — ► (1480 1538) Pintor, grabador y arquitecto alemán. Obras: Susana en el baño y La batalla de Alejandro, entre otras. * * * ( 1480–12 feb. 1538, Ratisbona). Pintor y grabador alemán. Fue el artista más relevante de la escuela del Danubio. La mayor …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Altdorfer — Altdorfer, Albrecht …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Albrecht Altdorfer — (c. 1480 near Regensburg ndash; 12 February 1538 in Regensburg) was a German painter, printmaker and architect of the Renaissance era, the leader of the Danube School in southern Germany, and a near contemporary of Albrecht Dürer. He is best… …   Wikipedia

  • Altdorfer — Altdorfer, Albrecht, Maler, Architekt, Kupferstecher und Zeichner für den Formschnitt, geboren um 1480, gestorben im Februar 1538 in Regensburg, wurde 1505 Bürger dieser Stadt, begann seine künstlerische Tätigkeit als Maler, indem er Altarbilder… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Altdorfer — Altdorfer, Albrecht, geb. zu Altdorf bei Landshut 1488, Historienmaler, Kupferstecher, Formschneider u. Baumeister; er war Stadtbaumeister zu Regensburg u. st. daselbst 1538. Er ist in seinen Werken dem Albrecht Dürer ähnlich, ohne jedoch sein… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Altdorfer — (izg. ȃltdorfer), Albrecht (o.1480 1538) DEFINICIJA njemački renesansni slikar, bakrorezac, drvorezac i graditelj …   Hrvatski jezični portal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”