Alpine skiing

Alpine skiing
Class of competitive ski events consisting of speed events (the downhill and the supergiant slalom) and technical events (the slalom and giant slalom).

Speed events are contested in single runs down longer, steeper, faster courses, with fewer turns than those featured in the technical events. Alpine skiing was first included in the Olympic Games in 1936. See also cross-country skiing; Nordic skiing.

* * *

  skiing technique that evolved during the late 19th and early 20th centuries in the mountainous terrain of the Alps in central Europe. Modern Alpine competitive skiing is divided into the so-called speed and technical events, the former comprising downhill skiing and the supergiant slalom, or super-G, and the latter including the slalom and giant slalom. The speed events are contested in single runs down long, steep, fast courses featuring few and widely spaced turns. The technical events challenge the skier's ability to maneuver over courses marked by closely spaced gates through which both skis must pass; winners are determined by the lowest combined time in two runs on two different courses. The Alpine combined event consists of a downhill and a slalom race, with the winner having the lowest combined time.

      The International Ski Federation (FIS), world governing body of the sport, first recognized downhill racing in 1930, and the first world championships for men's downhill and slalom events were held in 1931. Women's events were added in 1950. The first Alpine event to be included in the Olympic Winter Games was the combined, which made its debut in 1936 at Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany. The first giant slalom Olympic competition took place at the 1952 Games in Oslo, Norway, and the supergiant slalom was added at the 1988 Games in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. That same year the combined, which had been removed from the roster of Olympic Winter events in the 1940s, returned as an official event. It was dropped for 1998, however, in favour of two new events—the combined slalom (a slalom run and a giant slalom run) and the combined downhill (a supergiant slalom run and a downhill run).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alpine skiing — Alpine ski slope Highest governing body International Ski Federation Nickname(s) Downhill Sliding First played 1861, Kiandra, Aus …   Wikipedia

  • Alpine skiing — noun Competitive skiing involving downhill and slalom events • • • Main Entry: ↑alp * * * ˌAlpine ˈskiing 7 [Alpine skiing] noun uncountable the sport of ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Alpine skiing — kalnų slidinėjimas statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Slidinėjimo rungčių grupė – leidimasis slidėmis nuo kalno specialiai įrengtomis trasomis su vartais. Per varžybas registruojamas leidžiantis sugaištas laikas. Kalnų… …   Sporto terminų žodynas

  • Alpine skiing — aukštikalnių slidinėjimas statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Slidinėjimas kalnuose, esančiuose 1400–1800 m virš jūros lygio aukštyje. atitikmenys: angl. Alpine skiing vok. Alpineski, m rus. высокогорный лыжный спорт …   Sporto terminų žodynas

  • Alpine skiing at the 2006 Winter Olympics — included ten alpine skiing events. They were held at Sestriere and Cesana San Sicario. The alpine skiing events of the 2006 Winter Olympics began on 12 February and ended on 25 February 2006.Medal tableuper GIn the Super G competitions, skiers… …   Wikipedia

  • Alpine skiing at the Winter Olympics — Alpine skiing has been contested at every Winter Olympics since 1936, when a combined event was held in Garmisch Partenkirchen, Germany. From 1948–80, the Winter Olympics also served as the World Championships in Olympic years (with separate… …   Wikipedia

  • Alpine skiing at the 2007 Winter Universiade — includes eight alpine skiing events. Medal tableMen s eventsGiant Slalomee also*Biathlon *Cross country skiing *Curling *Figure skating *Ice hockey *Nordic combined *Short track speed skating *Ski jumping *Snowboarding *Speed skating …   Wikipedia

  • Alpine skiing at the 2007 Asian Winter Games — was held at Beida Lake Skiing Resort in Changchun, China. Events were held from 31 January to 3 February, 2007. [ [http://result.changchun2007.org/en jsp/schedule/scheduleall.jsp? 2007 Winter Asiad sports schedule] ] Medal summaryMedal… …   Wikipedia

  • Alpine skiing at the 1988 Winter Olympics — Alpine skiing results from the 1988 Winter Olympics at Calgary, Alberta, Canada. The ten events were held from February 15 27, 1988 at the Nakiska ski area in Kananaskis. [http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olympische Winterspiele 1988/Ski Alpin] The… …   Wikipedia

  • Alpine skiing at the 1986 Asian Winter Games — Alpine skiing at the 1986 Winter Asian Games took place in the city of Sapporo, Japan with four events contested two each for men and women.Medal summaryMedal table(Host nation highlighted)References [http://en.changchun2007.org/zh… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”