Fr. /yann oohn day"/, n.
a city in and the capital of Cameroon, in the SW part. 180,000.
Also, Yaunde.

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City (pop., 2001 est.: urban agglom., 1,481,000), capital of Cameroon.

It was founded in 1888 while Cameroon was a German protectorate. The area came under French control, and it was declared the capital of French Cameroun in 1922. In 1940–46 it was replaced as the capital by Douala, but, after Cameroon achieved independence in 1960, it again became the seat. It contains several small manufacturing and processing industries (sawmills and printing presses), and it is the area's agricultural market.

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also spelled  Yaunde 

      city and capital of Cameroon. It is situated on a hilly, forested plateau between the Nyong (Nyong River) and Sanaga (Sanaga River) rivers in the south-central part of the country. Founded in 1888 during the period of the German protectorate, Yaoundé was occupied by Belgian troops in 1915 and was declared the capital of French Cameroun in 1922. From 1940 to 1946 it was replaced as the capital by Douala, but after independence it became the seat of the government of Cameroun in 1960, of the federal government in 1961, and of the united republic in 1972 (see Cameroon: The mandates (Cameroon, history of)).

 The city has grown as an administrative, service, and commercial centre and a communications hub for road, rail, and air transport. Yaoundé contains several small manufacturing and processing industries (a cigarette factory, a brewery, sawmills, and printing presses) and is also the market for one of the richest agricultural areas in the country.

      The University of Yaoundé was founded in 1962; the city also has schools of education, agriculture, health, engineering, journalism, administration, and international relations. The Pasteur Centre of Cameroon, which conducts biomedical research, is among Yaoundé's many research institutes, and the national library and archives are located in the city. Natural features in the vicinity include Nachtigal Falls and a chain of grottoes known as Akok-Bekoe (Grottoes of the Pygmies). Pop. (2004 est.) 1,434,700.

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Universalium. 2010.

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