/vee"tepsk/; Russ. /vyee"tyipsk/, n.
a city in NE Byelorussia (Belarus), on the Dvina River. 347,000.

* * *

      city and administrative centre of Vitebsk oblast (province), northeastern Belarus. It lies along the Western Dvina River at the latter's confluence with the Luchesa River. Vitebsk, first mentioned in 1021, was a major fortress and trading centre and had a stormy history. It passed to Lithuania in 1320, later to Poland, and then to Russia in 1772. It was destroyed by the Poles in the 16th century, by the Swedes in the Great Northern War, by Napoleon I in 1812, and by the Germans in World War II. Modern Vitebsk is a major industrial centre, producing machine tools, electrical instruments, and a range of consumer goods, including textiles, meat and dairy products, and other foodstuffs. The city has medical, veterinary, teacher-training, and polytechnic institutes, as well as two museums dedicated to painter Marc Chagall (Chagall, Marc), who was born in Vitebsk and drew inspiration from the area. Pop. (1991 est.) 361,500.

      oblast (province), northeastern Belarus. It has an area of 15,500 square miles (40,100 square km) and lies mostly in the broad, shallow basin of the Western Dvina River. To the east and south the land rises in a series of gently undulating uplands. Swamps are extensive in the Western Dvina basin, but most of the oblast is in mixed forest of pine, spruce, oak, birch, and alder; the uplands have been largely cleared for agriculture, bringing about serious soil erosion. Flax and rye are the main crops, and the raising of dairy and beef cattle and pigs is important. In the south are many orchards. Apart from Vitebsk city, Orsha, and the oil-refining centre at Novopolotsk, the towns are small and engaged in timber working and in processing farm produce. Much peat is cut for fueling electric-power stations. Pop. (1991 est.) 1,434,200.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vitebsk — (be) Віцебск (ru) Витебск …   Wikipédia en Français

  • VITEBSK — VITEBSK, capital of Vitebsk district, Belarus. The first Jewish settlement appears to have been established in Vitebsk at the end of the 16th century. The charter given to the residents of Vitebsk in 1597 by Sigismund III Vasa forbids Jews in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Vítebsk — (también Vítsiebsk) (en bielorruso Віцебск, en ruso Витебск) ciudad de noreste de Bielorrusia, centro administrativo de Región de Vítsiebsk y de Distrito de Vítsiebsk, 359.000 habitantes (1995). La ciudad fue fundada en el año 974 por la Duquesa… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vitebsk — Vitebsk, s. Witebsk …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Vitebsk — [vē′tepsk′] city in NE Belarus, on the Western Dvina River: pop. 362,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Vitebsk — Infobox Settlement official name = Віцебск / Витебск Vitsyebsk /Vitebsk nickname = imagesize = 250px image map caption = Location of Vitebsk, shown within the Vitebsk Voblast subdivision type = Country Subdivision subdivision name = Belarus… …   Wikipedia

  • Vitebsk — Wizebsk Віцебск – Витебск …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • vitebsk — ˈvēˌtepsk, ebzk, ebsk, və̇ˈt adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Vitebsk, city of northeast White Russia, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : of or from the city of Vitebsk, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : of the kind or… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Vitebsk — Original name in latin Vitebsk Name in other language VTB, Vicebsk, Vicebsko, Vicebszk, Viciebsk, Vit b sku, Vitebs k, Vitebscum, Vitebsk, Vitebska, Vitebskas, Vitepsk, Vitsebsk, Vitsemp sk, Vitsiebsk, Vitsyebsk, Vtebsk, Vtsiebsk, Witebsk,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Vitebsk — Sp Vitebskas Ap Віцебск/Vitsyebsk baltarusiškai (gudiškai) Ap Витебск/Vitebsk rusiškai L Baltarusijos sr. centras …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”