trope

trope
/trohp/, n.
1. Rhet.
a. any literary or rhetorical device, as metaphor, metonymy, synecdoche, and irony, that consists in the use of words in other than their literal sense.
b. an instance of this. Cf. figure of speech.
2. a phrase, sentence, or verse formerly interpolated in a liturgical text to amplify or embellish.
3. (in the philosophy of Santayana) the principle of organization according to which matter moves to form an object during the various stages of its existence.
[1525-35; < L tropus figure in rhetoric < Gk trópos turn, turning, turn or figure of speech, akin to trépein to turn]

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music
      in medieval church music, melody, explicatory text, or both added to a plainchant melody. Tropes are of two general types: those adding a new text to a melisma (section of music having one syllable extended over many notes); and those inserting new music, usually with words, between existing sections of melody and text.

      Troping was rooted in similar practices in the ancient Byzantine liturgy and arose in the West, probably in France, by the 8th century. The custom reached the musically important Swiss monastery of Saint Gall by the 9th century and soon became widespread throughout Europe. It was abolished in the 16th century by the Council of Trent.

      Two important medieval musical-literary forms developed from the trope: the liturgical drama and the sequence (qq.v.). A troped chant is sometimes called a farced (i.e., interpolated) chant.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Trope — • A collective name which, since about the close of the Middle Ages or a little later, has been applied to texts of great variety (in both poetry and prose) written for the purpose of amplifying and embellishing an independently complete… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • trope — [ trɔp ] n. m. • 1554; lat. tropus, gr. tropos « tour, manière » ♦ Rhét. Figure par laquelle un mot ou une expression sont détournés de leur sens propre (ex. antonomase, catachrèse, métaphore, métonymie, synecdoque). « Et sur l académie, aïeule… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Trope — (from Greek τρόπος tropos , turn ) may refer to: * Trope (linguistics), a rhetorical figure of speech that consists of a play on words * Trope (literature) or Literary trope , a common theme used in storytelling. * Trope (philosophy) * Trope… …   Wikipedia

  • Trope — Trope, n. [L. tropus, Gr. ?, fr. ? to turn. See {Torture}, and cf. {Trophy}, {Tropic}, {Troubadour}, {Trover}.] (Rhet.) (a) The use of a word or expression in a different sense from that which properly belongs to it; the use of a word or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • -trope — trope, tropie, tropisme ♦ Éléments, du gr. tropos « tour, direction », de trepein « tourner » : allotropie, héliotrope, isotrope, somatotrope, zootrope. trope, tropie, tropisme, tropo . éléments, du gr. tropos, tour, manière, direction ; de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • -trope — element meaning that which turns, from Gk. tropos (see TROPE (Cf. trope)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • trope — 1530s, from L. tropus a figure of speech, from Gk. tropos turn, direction, turn or figure of speech, related to trope a turning and trepein to turn, from PIE root trep to turn (Cf. Skt. trapate is ashamed, confused, prop. turns away in shame; L.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • trope — ► NOUN ▪ a figurative or metaphorical use of a word or expression. ORIGIN Greek tropos turn, way, trope …   English terms dictionary

  • -trope — [trōp] [Gr tropos: see TROPE] combining form 1. forming nouns a) a turning or changing b) something that turns or changes [thaumatrope] 2. forming adjectives turning …   English World dictionary

  • trope — [trōp] n. [L tropus < Gr tropos, a turning, turn, figure of speech (akin to tropē, a turn) < trepein, to turn < IE base * trep , to turn] 1. a) the use of a word or words in a figurative sense b) a figure of speech c) figurative language …   English World dictionary

  • Trope — (in der Mehrzahl Tropen), s.u. Tropus …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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