—translational, adj. —translationally, adv./trans lay"sheuhn, tranz-/, n.1. the rendering of something into another language or into one's own from another language.2. a version of such a rendering: a new translation of Plato.3. change or conversion to another form, appearance, etc.; transformation: a swift translation of thought into action.4. the act or process of translating.5. the state of being translated.6. Mech. motion in which all particles of a body move with the same velocity along parallel paths.7. Telegraphy. the retransmitting or forwarding of a message, as by relay.8. Math.a. a function obtained from a given function by adding the same constant to each value of the variable of the given function and moving the graph of the function a constant distance to the right or left.b. a transformation in which every point of a geometric figure is moved the same distance in the same direction.9. Genetics. the process by which a messenger RNA molecule specifies the linear sequence of amino acids on a ribosome for protein synthesis. Cf. genetic code.[1300-50; < L translation- (s. of translatio) a transferring, equiv. to translat(us) (see TRANSLATE) + -ion- -ION; r. ME translacioun < AF < L, as above]Syn. 2. TRANSLATION, PARAPHRASE, VERSION refer to a rewording of something. A TRANSLATION is a rendering of the same ideas in a different language from the original: a translation from Greek into English. A PARAPHRASE is a free rendering of the sense of a passage in other words, usually in the same language: a paraphrase of a poem. A VERSION is a translation, esp. of the Bible, or else an account of something illustrating a particular point of view: the Douay Version.
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