/tar"ee town'/, n.
a village in SE New York, on the Hudson River: restored home of Washington Irving. 10,648.

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      village, in Greenburgh town (township), Westchester county, southeastern New York, U.S. A northern suburb of New York City, it is just northwest of White Plains, where the Hudson River widens to form the Tappan Zee (there bridged by the Governor Thomas E. Dewey (Dewey, Thomas E.) Thruway). With Irvington and Sleepy Hollow (formerly until 1996 North Tarrytown), it comprises the “Sleepy Hollow Country,” made famous by the author Washington Irving (Irving, Washington), whose home “Sunnyside” is preserved as a shrine. The Washington Irving Memorial, of bronze and marble, created by Daniel Chester French, features reliefs of characters from his stories, topped by a bust of the author. The origin of the village's name is unclear: one view holds that it is derived from the Dutch word for wheat (tarwe), which farmers brought to town, while another is that it is named for John Tarry, an early settler from Long Island.

      The site, settled by the Dutch in the 17th century, was developed after the American Revolution as a river port. The Hudson River Railroad arrived in 1849, and the village was incorporated in 1870. The opening of the Tappan Zee Bridge (1956) stimulated commercial growth. Major components of the economy include publishing, pharmaceutical research, and tourism. Marymount College (1907; a Roman Catholic school for women) and Lyndhurst (1838; a Gothic Revival mansion) are in Tarrytown. “Pocantico Hills” (the Rockefeller estate, which includes a six-story mansion called Kykuit) is in Sleepy Hollow. The graves of Irving, Andrew Carnegie (Carnegie, Andrew), and William Rockefeller (Rockefeller, William) are also nearby in the Sleepy Hollow Cemetery adjacent to the Old Dutch (Reformed) Church (built in the 1680s; restored as a national historic landmark). Pop. (1990) 10,739; (2000) 11,090.

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Universalium. 2010.

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