heck·el·phone (hĕkʹəl-fōn') n.
A woodwind instrument of the oboe family, with a pitch between that of an English horn and a bassoon.
  [German Heckelphon, after Wilhelm Heckel (1879-1952), German musical instrument maker.]

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also spelled  Heckelphon,  
 double-reed woodwind instrument resembling the baritone oboe. It was perfected by Wilhelm Heckel in 1904 as a result of a request from the composer Richard Wagner about 20 years earlier for a low-register instrument combining the qualities of the oboe and the alphorn.

      The heckelphone is of conical bore (wider than the baritone oboe's) and has a bent metal crook and a wooden bell. It is usually built in C an octave below the oboe, with an extended lower register. It was first used by Richard Strauss in his operas Salome and Elektra. The compass is from the second A below middle C to the second G above. Other forms are the smaller terzheckelphone in E♭ and the piccolo-heckelphone in F.

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Universalium. 2010.

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