spike moss

spike moss
any of numerous plants of the genus Selaginella, allied to and resembling the club mosses.

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plant
 any member of the plant genus Selaginella of the order Selaginellales with more than 700 species of mossy, in some cases fernlike, perennials. They are widely distributed in all parts of the world, particularly in the tropics. Many are forest plants; some grow on trees, but others thrive in dry or seasonally dry areas. They bear scalelike leaves, either spirally arranged or in ranks of four, on trailing, climbing, or erect stems and branches. The spore-bearing leaves are similar to ordinary leaves but are clustered in spikes, or strobili.

      Lesser club moss (S. selaginoides) is a small forest and bog-side plant in northern North America and Eurasia. Its branches trail along the ground, but the upright yellow-green strobili rise up to 8 cm (about 3 inches). The similar rock selaginella (S. rupestris) of North America has smaller leaves, and its branching stems grow on rocks or in sand. Resurrection plant, or resurrection fern (S. lepidophylla), is so named because as an apparently lifeless ball it unrolls when the wet season begins. Spreading club moss (S. kraussiana), from southern Africa, roots readily along its trailing stems of bright green branches. It sometimes is grown as a houseplant, as are S. emmeliana from tropical America, S. martensii from Mexico, S. uncinata from southern China, and S. caulescens from East Asia.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • spike moss — noun any of numerous fern allies of the genus Selaginella • Syn: ↑spikemoss, ↑little club moss • Hypernyms: ↑club moss, ↑club moss, ↑lycopod • Hyponyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

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  • club moss — noun primitive evergreen moss like plant with spores in club shaped strobiles • Syn: ↑club moss, ↑lycopod • Hypernyms: ↑fern ally • Hyponyms: ↑shining clubmoss, ↑Lycopodium lucidulum, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • club-moss — noun primitive evergreen moss like plant with spores in club shaped strobiles • Syn: ↑club moss, ↑lycopod • Hypernyms: ↑fern ally • Hyponyms: ↑shining clubmoss, ↑Lycopodium lucidulum, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • little club moss — noun any of numerous fern allies of the genus Selaginella • Syn: ↑spikemoss, ↑spike moss • Hypernyms: ↑club moss, ↑club moss, ↑lycopod • Hyponyms: ↑meado …   Useful english dictionary

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