South Island

South Island
the largest island of New Zealand. 860,990; 58,093 sq. mi. (150,460 sq. km).

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Island (pop., 2001 prelim.: 942,213), larger and southernmost of the two principal islands of New Zealand.

Separated from the North Island by Cook Strait, it has an area of 58,676 sq mi (151,971 sq km). Mountains, including the Southern Alps, occupy almost three-quarters of the island. Its main cities are Christchurch and Dunedin. Fiordland National Park in the southwest contains numerous coastal fjords and high lakes.

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island, the larger and southernmost of the two principal islands of New Zealand, in the southwest Pacific Ocean. South Island is separated from North Island to the north by Cook Strait and from Stewart Island to the south by Foveaux Strait. Mountainous terrain occupies almost three-quarters of South Island, with a central mountain chain, the Southern Alps, trending southwest to northeast and culminating at Mount Cook (Cook, Mount) (12,316 feet [3,754 metres]). The Southern Alps separate the narrow coastal strip of the Westland Plain (west) from the broad Canterbury Plains (east). Fiordland in the southwest is a distinctive area with its numerous coastal fjords (inlets) and high lakes. The island was sighted by the Dutch navigator Abel Tasman (Tasman, Abel Janszoon) in 1642. Although South Island has several large urban areas, including Christchurch, Dunedin, and Invercargill, all coastal, its population grew less rapidly than that of North Island in the 20th century. Area 58,776 square miles (152,229 square km). Pop. (2006) 1,022,316.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • South Island — S island of the two main islands of New Zealand: 58,384 sq mi (151,214 sq km); pop. 882,000 …   English World dictionary

  • South Island —   [ saʊθ aɪlənd], die Südinsel Neuseelands …   Universal-Lexikon

  • South Island — Infobox Islands name = South Island Māori: Te Wai Pounamu image caption = Satellite view of the South Island image size = locator Location map|New Zealand|lat= 43.983333|long=170.45|marksize=16 map custom = yes native name = native name link =… …   Wikipedia

  • South Island — Den Namen South Island bzw. Südinsel tragen zahlreiche Inseln, etwa Südinsel (Neuseeland) (engl. South Island), eine der Hauptinseln von Neuseeland Südinsel (Nowaja Semlja), eine russische Insel South Island (Aleuten), eine unbeohnte Insel der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • South Island — Île du Sud Île du Sud South Island (en) Vue satellitaire de l île 23 octobre 2002 Géographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • South Island — South′ Is′land n. geg the largest island of New Zealand. 863,603; 57,843 sq. mi. (149,813 sq. km) …   From formal English to slang

  • South Island — South Is|land one of the two main islands of New Zealand, whose main towns are Christchurch and Dunedin. It is important for sheep farming and the growing of ↑wheat …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • South Island — /ˈsaʊθ aɪlənd/ (say sowth uyluhnd) noun the largest island of NZ, separated from the North Island by Cook Strait. About 150 460 km2 …   Australian-English dictionary

  • South Island — noun the larger but less populous of two main islands of New Zealand; separated from North Island by Cook Strait • Instance Hypernyms: ↑island • Part Holonyms: ↑New Zealand, ↑New Zealand Islands …   Useful english dictionary

  • South Island — geographical name island S New Zealand area 59,439 square miles (153,947 square kilometers), population 881,537 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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