/ruy/, n.a city in SE New York, on Long Island Sound. 15,083.
* * *Cereal grass (Secale cereale) and its edible grain, used to make rye bread and rye whiskey, as livestock feed, and as a pasture plant.Native to South Asia, today it is grown extensively in Europe, Asia, and North America. It is planted mainly where climate and soil are relatively unfavourable for other cereals and as a winter crop where temperatures are too cold for winter wheat. Rye thrives at high altitudes and is the most winter-hardy of all small grains. It is high in carbohydrates and provides small quantities of protein, potassium, and B vitamins. Only rye and wheat have the necessary qualities to make a loaf of bread, but rye lacks the elasticity of wheat and thus is frequently blended with wheat flour. The tough fibrous straw of rye is used for animal bedding, thatching, mattresses, hats, and paper. Rye may be grown as a green manure crop.
* * *town (parish), Rother district, administrative county of East Sussex, historic county of Sussex, England, on a hill by the River Rother. The community's cobbled streets and timber-framed and Georgian houses attract many tourists. Originally a seaport, Rye was incorporated in 1289 and became a full member of the Cinque Ports (a confederation of English Channel ports) in about 1350. Edward III walled the town, but of the three original 14th-century entrance gates, only Land Gate remains, together with the earlier Ypres Tower (12th century). Buildings of special interest include the Mermaid Inn (1420) and the 18th-century house in which the novelist Henry James spent his later years. From the 15th century the port declined as silting proceeded (the sea is now 2 miles [3 km] away), and the town has grown little outside its medieval perimeter. Pop. (2001) 4,009.city and town (township), on Long Island Sound, in Westchester county, southeastern New York, U.S. The original town site, at Pendingo Neck, was first settled (1660) by a company of men from Greenwich, Connecticut, who had purchased the land from the Siwanoy Indians; they named it (1665) for Rye in Sussex, England.The Village of Rye, which was separately incorporated in 1904 and already a popular beach resort, developed rapidly as a residential suburb of New York City (24 miles [39 km] southwest) with the advent of trolley cars and commuter trains; it was chartered as a city in 1942. Its Square House (once the Haviland Inn, c. 1731) was a stopping place on the old Boston Post Road.The town of Rye, which surrounds but does not include the city, also encompasses the village of Port Chester (incorporated 1868) and part of the village of Mamaroneck (1895). Playland, an amusement park (opened 1928), has original Art Deco style buildings. Area town, 7 square miles (18 square km). Pop. (1990) city, 14,936; town, 39,524; (2000) city, 14,955; town, 43,880.
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