/rus"euhl/, n.1. Bertrand (Arthur William), 3rd Earl, 1872-1970, English philosopher, mathematician, and author: Nobel prize for literature 1950.2. Charles Edward, 1860-1941, U.S. journalist, sociologist, biographer, and political leader.3. Charles Taze /tayz/, ("Pastor Russell"), 1852-1916, U.S. religious leader and publisher: founder of Jehovah's Witnesses.4. Elizabeth Mary, Countess (Mary Annette Beauchamp) ("Elizabeth"), 1866-1941, Australian novelist.5. George William ("AE"), 1867-1935, Irish poet and painter.6. Henry Norris, 1877-1957, U.S. astronomer.7. John Russell, 1st Earl (Lord John Russell), 1792-1878, British statesman: prime minister 1846-52, 1865-66.8. Lillian (Helen Louise Leonard), 1861-1922, U.S. singer and actress.9. William Felton /fel"tn/, (Bill), born 1934, U.S. basketball player and coach.10. a male given name.
* * *(as used in expressions)Baker Russell WayneBanks RussellBentley Eric RussellBrowder Earl RussellHertzsprung Russell diagramHulse Russell AlanLowell James RussellAndrew RussellHarold Adrian RussellRussell Bertrand Arthur William 3rd Earl RussellRussell BillWilliam Felton RussellRussell Charles TazeRussell of Kingston Russell John Russell 1st EarlRussell LillianRussell William Russell LordSage Russell
* * *community, northeastern North Island, New Zealand, on the southeastern shore of the Bay of Islands. Under its original name of Okiato, the town was chosen (1840) by Lieutenant Governor William Hobson to be the first capital of New Zealand. It was subsequently renamed in honour of Lord John Russell, then secretary of state for the colonies. In 1841 the capital was transferred to Auckland, and shortly afterward Russell was destroyed by fire. By 1846 the town had been relocated to the village site of Kororareka. Russell is now a resort centre, linked to Auckland (165 miles [265 km] south) by road. Its deepwater harbour accommodates game, commercial fishing, and oyster fleets. Pop. (2001) 804.
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