retrogradely, adv.retrogradingly, adv.
/re"treuh grayd'/, adj., v., retrograded, retrograding.
1. moving backward; having a backward motion or direction; retiring or retreating.
2. inverse or reversed, as order.
3. Chiefly Biol. exhibiting degeneration or deterioration.
4. Astron.
a. moving in an orbit in the direction opposite to that of the earth in its revolution around the sun.
b. appearing to move on the celestial sphere in the direction opposite to the natural order of the signs of the zodiac, or from east to west. Cf. direct (def. 25).
5. Music. proceeding from the last note to the first: a melody in retrograde motion.
6. Archaic. contrary; opposed.
7. to move or go backward; retire or retreat.
8. Chiefly Biol. to decline to a worse condition; degenerate.
9. Astron. to have a retrograde motion.
10. Archaic. to turn back.
[1350-1400; ME (adj.) < L retrogradus going back, deriv. of retrogradi, equiv. to retro- RETRO- + gradi to step, go; see GRADE]
Syn. 1. withdrawing, receding. 2. backward. 7. withdraw, recede, retrocede.

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Universalium. 2010.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • rétrograde — [ retrɔgrad ] adj. • XIVe; lat. retrogradus, rac. gradi; cf. grade, graduel ♦ Qui va en arrière. 1 ♦ Math. Sens rétrograde, opposé au sens direct. Rotation dans le sens rétrograde, dans le sens des aiguilles d une montre. ⇒ dextrorsum .… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Retrograde — Re tro*grade, a. [L. retrogradus, from retrogradi, retrogressus, to retrograde; retro back + gradi to step: cf. F. r[ e]trograde. See {Grade}.] 1. (Astron.) Apparently moving backward, and contrary to the succession of the signs, that is, from… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Retrograde — may refer to: * Retrograde signaling, in neuroscience * Retrograde, a type of musical permutation * Retrograde and direct motion, the movement of an astronomical object * Retrograde ejaculation, in medicine * Retrograde menstruation occurs… …   Wikipedia

  • Retrograde — Rétrograde Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Retrograde — Re tro*grade, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Retrograded}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Retrograding}.] [L. retrogradare, retrogradi: cf. F. r[ e]trograder.] 1. To go in a retrograde direction; to move, or appear to move, backward, as a planet. [1913 Webster] 2. Hence …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • retrograde — adj *backward, retrogressive, regressive Analogous words: reversed, inverted (see REVERSE vb): relapsing, lapsing, backsliding (see LAPSE vb) retrograde vb *recede, retreat, back, retract Analogous words: *retur …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • retrograde — ► ADJECTIVE 1) directed or moving backwards. 2) (of the order of something) reversed; inverse. 3) reverting to an earlier and inferior condition. 4) chiefly Astronomy proceeding in a reverse direction from normal, especially (of planetary motion) …   English terms dictionary

  • retrograde — [re′trə grād΄] adj. [ME < L retrogradus < retrogradi, to go backward: see RETRO & GRADE] 1. moving or directed backward; retiring or retreating 2. inverse or reverse: said of order 3. going back or tending to go back to an earlier, esp.… …   English World dictionary

  • retrograde — index decadent, decay, depreciate, deteriorate, recidivate, regress, regressive, relapse, return ( …   Law dictionary

  • retrograde — late 14c., originally of the apparent motions of planets, from L. retrogradus going backward, from retrogradi move backward, from retro backward (see RETRO (Cf. retro )) + gradi to go, step (see GRADE (Cf. grade) (n.)). General sense of tending… …   Etymology dictionary

  • retrograde — Retrograde. adj. Il ne se dit que des Planetes, lorsqu elles se meuvent contre l ordre des signes, qu elles vont du Taureau, par exemple dans le Belier. Les Planetes paroissent plus grandes quand elles sont retrogrades. le soleil ni la lune ne… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

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