/ri pub"lik/, n.1. a state in which the supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by representatives chosen directly or indirectly by them.2. any body of persons viewed as a commonwealth.3. a state in which the head of government is not a monarch or other hereditary head of state.4. (cap.) any of the five periods of republican government in France. Cf. First Republic, Second Republic, Third Republic, Fourth Republic, Fifth Republic.5. (cap., italics.) a philosophical dialogue (4th century B.C.) by Plato dealing with the composition and structure of the ideal state.
* * *IForm of government in which a state is ruled by representatives elected by its populace.The term was originally applied to a form of government in which the leader is periodically appointed under a constitution; it was contrasted with governments in which leadership is hereditary. A republic may also be distinguished from direct democracy, though modern representative democracies are by and large republics.II(as used in expressions)Republic of AlbaniaPeoples Democratic Republic of AlgeriaRepublic of AngolaArgentine RepublicRepublic of ArmeniaRepublic of AustriaRepublic of AzerbaijanPeople's Republic of BangladeshRepublic of BeninRepublic of BoliviaRepublic of BotswanaRepublic of BulgariaRepublic of BurundiRepublic of CameroonRepublic of ChilePeople's Republic of ChinaRepublic of ColombiaFederal Islamic Republic of the ComorosRepublic of CroatiaRepublic of CubaRepublic of CyprusRepublic of EcuadorRepublic of EstoniaFederal Democratic Republic of EthiopiaRepublic of FijiRepublic of FinlandFrench RepublicGabonese RepublicRepublic of GeorgiaRepublic of GhanaHellenic RepublicRepublic of GuatemalaRepublic of GuineaCo operative Republic of GuyanaRepublic of HaitiRepublic of HondurasRepublic of HungaryRepublic of IcelandRepublic of IndiaRepublic of IndonesiaIslamic Republic of IranRepublic of IraqItalian RepublicRepublic of KazakhstanRepublic of KenyaRepublic of KiribatiKyrgyz RepublicLao People's Democratic RepublicRepublic of LatviaRepublic of LebanonRepublic of LiberiaRepublic of LithuaniaRepublic of MacedoniaRepublic of MadagascarRepublic of MalawiRepublic of MaldivesRepublic of MaliRepublic of MauritiusRepublic of MoldovaRepublic of MozambiqueRepublic of NamibiaRepublic of NauruRepublic of NicaraguaRepublic of NigerFederal Republic of NigeriaIslamic Republic of PakistanRepublic of PalauRepublic of PanamaRepublic of ParaguayRepublic of PeruRepublic of the PhilippinesRepublic of PolandPortuguese RepublicRepublic of RwandaRepublic of SenegalRepublic of SeychellesRepublic of SingaporeSlovak RepublicRepublic of SloveniaRepublic of SurinameSyrian Arab RepublicRepublic of TajikistanUnited Republic of TanzaniaRepublic of TogoRepublic of TunisiaRepublic of TurkeyRepublic of UgandaOriental Republic of UruguayRepublic of UzbekistanRepublic of VanuatuBolivarian Republic of VenezuelaSocialist Republic of VietnamRepublic of YemenRepublic of ZambiaRepublic of ZimbabweRepublic of Bosnia and HerzegovinaRepublic of Cape VerdeCongo Republic of theRepublic of Costa RicaRepublic of Côte d'IvoireRepublic of the United NetherlandsDemocratic Republic of East TimorRepublic of El SalvadorRepublic of the GambiaRepublic of Guinea BissauDemocratic People's Republic of KoreaRepublic of KoreaRepublic of the Marshall IslandsNew Republic TheRepublic of San MarinoRepublic of Sierra LeoneSouth Africa Republic ofDemocratic Socialist Republic of Sri LankaRepublic of the SudanRepublic of Trinidad and TobagoCongo Democratic Republic of theRepublic of ZaireRepublic of DjiboutiRepublic of Equatorial GuineaDemocratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
* * *