Red Cross

Red Cross
1. an international philanthropic organization (Red Cross Society), formed in consequence of the Geneva Convention of 1864, to care for the sick and wounded in war, secure neutrality of nurses, hospitals, etc., and help relieve suffering caused by pestilence, floods, fires, and other calamities.
2. a branch of this organization: the American Red Cross.
3. the English national emblem of St. George's cross.
4. See Geneva cross.
Also, red cross (for defs. 3, 4).

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officially International Movement of the Red Cross and Red Crescent formerly International Red Cross

Humanitarian agency with national affiliates worldwide.

Established for the care of victims of battle, it now aids in the general prevention and relief of human suffering. It arose out of the work of Jean-Henri Dunant, who proposed the formation of voluntary relief societies in all countries, the first of which came into being in 1864. The name Red Crescent, adopted in 1906 at the insistence of the Ottoman Empire, is used in Muslim countries. In peacetime, the Red Cross aids victims of natural disasters, maintains blood banks, and provides supplementary health care services. In wartime, it serves as an intermediary between belligerents and visits prisoner-of-war camps to provide relief supplies, deliver mail, and transmit information between prisoners and their relatives. Its operating principles are humanity, impartiality, and neutrality. Its headquarters are in Geneva. Individual national organizations run community programs and coordinate natural-disaster relief efforts. The American Red Cross was founded by Clara Barton in 1881 and first chartered by Congress in 1900; it runs the world's largest blood-donor service. In 1901 Dunant received the first Nobel Prize for Peace; the Red Cross itself received the prize in 1917, 1944, and 1963.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Red cross — Red Red, a. [Compar. {Redder} ( d?r); superl. {Reddest}.] [OE. red, reed, AS. re[ a]d, re[ o]d; akin to OS. r[=o]d, OFries. r[=a]d, D. rood, G. roht, rot, OHG. r[=o]t, Dan. & Sw. r[ o]d, Icel. rau[eth]r, rj[=o][eth]r, Goth. r[ a]uds, W. rhudd,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Red Cross — 1. The crusaders or the cause they represented. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 2. A hospital or ambulance service established as a result of, though not provided for by, the Geneva convention of 1864; any of the national societies for alleviating the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Red Cross — n. 1. a red Greek cross on a white ground (Geneva cross), emblem of neutrality in war, adapted from the Swiss flag, with colors reversed, and used since 1864 to mark hospitals, ambulances, etc., esp. in time of war 2. an international society (in …   English World dictionary

  • Red Cross — early 15c., national emblem of England (St. George s Cross); in 17c., a red cross was the mark placed on the doors of London houses inflected with the plague. Red cross (in Muslim lands, red crescent) adopted as a symbol of ambulance service 1864 …   Etymology dictionary

  • Red Cross — Red′ Cross′ n. 1) an international philanthropic organization(Red′ Cross′ Soci ety), formed in consequence of the Geneva Convention of 1864 chiefly to care for the sick and wounded in war 2) a branch of this organization 3) Also, red′ cross′… …   From formal English to slang

  • Red Cross — ► NOUN ▪ the International Movement of the Red Cross and the Red Crescent, an organization bringing relief to victims of war or natural disaster …   English terms dictionary

  • Red Cross — n the Red Cross an international organization that helps people who are suffering as a result of war, floods, disease etc …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Red Cross — on a white field; used on ambulances, hospitals, and hospital ships to denote their neutrality; also called the Cross of Geneva or the Geneva Cross, as its function in war is accepted by the Geneva Convention …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Red Cross — n. A group of humanitarian organizations in several countries that work to help people in need, such as disaster victims. The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. Amy Hackney Blackwell. 2008 …   Law dictionary

  • Red Cross — Die namensgebenden Symbole der Bewegung – das Rote Kreuz und der Rote Halbmond Die Internationale Rotkreuz und Rothalbmond Bewegung umfasst das Internationale Komitee vom Roten Kreuz (IKRK), die Internationale Föderation der Rotkreuz und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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