Proconsul

Proconsul
/proh kon"seuhl/, n.
an African subgenus of Dryopithecus that lived 17-20 million years ago and is possibly ancestral to modern hominoids.
[ < NL (1933), equiv. to pro- PRO-1 + Consul, allegedly the name of a chimpanzee in a London zoo (with a pun on L proconsul PROCONSUL); the genus was thought to be ancestral to the chimpanzee]

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In the ancient Roman republic, a consul whose powers had been extended for a definite period beyond his regular one-year term.

These extensions were necessitated by such events as long periods of war. The extension of a chief magistrate's term was originally voted by the people, but the power was soon assumed by the Senate. Provincial governors were usually magistrates whose terms had been extended. Under the empire (after 27 BC), governors of senatorial provinces were called proconsuls.

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▪ ancient Roman official
Latin  Pro Consule, or Proconsul,  

      in the ancient Roman Republic, a consul whose powers had been extended for a definite period after his regular term of one year. From the mid-4th century BC the Romans recognized the necessity, during lengthy wars, of extending the terms of certain magistrates; such extension was termed prorogatio. Initially prorogation was voted by the people, but soon the Senate assumed this power. As Rome acquired more overseas territories, prorogation became more common: provincial governors were almost always prorogued magistrates or proconsuls. By the middle republic proconsular powers were sometimes conferred upon private citizens, for example, on Pompey in 77, 66, and 65 BC. Under the empire (after 27 BC), governors of senatorial provinces were called proconsuls. In modern times the title has been used informally of certain powerful colonial officials (e.g., the consul general of British-occupied Egypt).

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  • proconsul — [ prokɔ̃syl ] n. m. • 1140; lat. proconsul ♦ Hist. rom. Nom donné, après Sylla, aux anciens consuls qui recevaient le gouvernement d une province et possédaient les pouvoirs militaire, civil et judiciaire. ⇒ gouverneur, magistrat. ♢ Fig. « Être… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • proconsul — PROCÓNSUL, proconsuli, s.m. Magistrat roman care, după încheierea consulatului, era însărcinat cu guvernarea unei provincii. – Din lat., fr. proconsul. Trimis de oprocopiuc, 18.04.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  PROCÓNSUL s. (ist.) (înv.) antipat.… …   Dicționar Român

  • Procónsul — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para el primate extinto, véase Proconsul (primate) Magistratura romana surgida para la administración provincial por delegación del cónsul. Las funciones de los cónsules, al aumentar el territorio, hubieron de ser… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Proconsul — Proconsul,   1) antikes Rom: Prokonsul.    2) Paläontologie: ausgestorbene Gattung der Menschenaffen aus dem frühen Miozän (vor rd. 22 17 Mio. Jahren) Ostafrikas. Proconsul wird heute als sehr unspezialisierter Hominoide von der Größe eines… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • PROCONSUL — dictus est apud Romanos, vel cui ultra legitimum, i. e. annuum tempus Magistratus prorogatus est; qualis primus fuit Q. Publilius Philo, bello Palaepolitano implicitus, ut in Tabb. Capitolinis exstat et in Liv. l. 8. Vel, qui e privato in… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • proconsul — (n.) late 14c., governor or military commander of an ancient Roman province, from L. proconsul, from phrase pro consule (acting) in place of a consul, from pro (see PRO (Cf. pro )) + ablative of CONSUL (Cf. consul). In modern use, usually… …   Etymology dictionary

  • procónsul — (Del lat. proconsul, ŭlis). m. Entre los antiguos romanos, gobernador de una provincia con jurisdicción e insignias consulares …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Proconsul — Pro*con sul, n. [L., fr. pro for + consul consul.] (Rom. Antiq.) An officer who discharged the duties of a consul without being himself consul; a governor of, or a military commander in, a province. He was usually one who had previously been… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Proconsul — (röm. Ant.), in den früheren Zeiten Roms entweder ein Consul, welchem nach Verlauf seines Amtsjahres das Consulat verlängert wurde, od. welcher als gewesener Consul, doch auch als Magistrat von niederem Range od. als Privatperson in dringenden… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • procônsul — s. m. 1. Funcionário da antiga Roma encarregado do governo de uma província. 2.  [Figurado] Governador despótico. = TIRANETE • Plural: procônsules …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • proconsul — Proconsul. s. m. Celuy qui chez les Romains gouvernoit une Province avec la mesme authorité que s il estoit Consul …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

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