Port Arthur

Port Arthur
1. Lüshun.
2. a seaport in SE Texas, on Sabine Lake. 61,195.
3. See under Thunder Bay.

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      city, Jefferson county, southeastern Texas, U.S., 90 miles (145 km) east of Houston. It is a major deepwater port on Sabine Lake and the Sabine-Neches and Gulf Intracoastal (Gulf Intracoastal Waterway) waterways, 9 miles (14 km) from the Gulf of Mexico. With Beaumont and Orange, it forms the “Golden Triangle,” an important petrochemical complex. Atakapa Indians occupied the region before 1800. Several early settlements, including Aurora (1840), were unsuccessful. In 1895 Arthur E. Stilwell organized a town (which was named for him) as a port and terminus for the Kansas City, Pittsburg, and Gulf Railroad (now Kansas City Southern Railway). In 1899 a canal was dredged for oceangoing vessels. Two years later the gusher Spindletop blew a few miles away, and the port became a major outlet for oil and a wide range of other products.

      Industrial activities in the city include oil refining, shipbuilding, and the manufacture of chemicals. CavOILcade is the city's annual (October) salute to the petroleum industry. Lamar University at Port Arthur originated in 1909 as Port Arthur College; on the campus is the Gates Memorial Library (1916), an important repository of local history. Sea Rim State Park and Sabine Pass Battleground State Park and Historic Site are located just to the south, as are McFaddin and Texas Point national wildlife refuges. In 1988 the Janis Joplin (Joplin, Janis) Memorial, honouring the Port Arthur native and blues and rock-and-roll singer, was inaugurated, and the city now hosts an annual music festival that draws many visitors. Inc. 1898. Pop. (1990) city, 58,724; Beaumont–Port Arthur MSA, 361,226; (2000) city, 57,755; Beaumont–Port Arthur MSA, 385,090.

 inlet of the Tasman Sea on the south coast of the Tasman Peninsula, Tasmania, Australia. It is known for the settlement (penal colony) established there in 1830 by George Arthur (Arthur, Sir George, 1st Baronet) as the major site for punishing transported convicts who had further transgressed. A model reformatory for boys also existed from 1835 to 1849 at Point Puer, a rocky headland in the inlet. Although transportation of convicts ceased in 1853, the complex functioned for another 24 years, and altogether some 12,000 to 14,000 prisoners were there at one time or another. The partially restored ruins of the penal colony, including a church built by convicts (1836–40) and the spot called “Isle of the Dead” (with many unmarked graves, mainly of convicts), are now prime tourist attractions. Port Arthur is accessible from Hobart, 63 miles (101 km) northwest, by the Arthur Highway. The whole Tasman Peninsula is registered as part of Australia's National Estate (places preserved as part of Australia's national heritage). On April 28, 1996, a gunman killed 35 people at the convict site.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Port Arthur — may refer to: * Port Arthur, Tasmania (Australia), the site of a historic convict settlement * Port Arthur, Texas a city in the (United States) * Port Arthur, Ontario (Canada), a former city, now a part of Thunder Bay * Port Arthur (electoral… …   Wikipedia

  • Port Arthur — bezeichnet: ehemalige koloniale Bezeichnung des Stadtbezirks Lüshunkou der chinesischen Hafenstadt Dalian Port Arthur (Ontario), Stadt in Ontario, Kanada Port Arthur (Tasmanien), ehemalige Sträflingskolonie in Tasmanien, Australien Port Arthur… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Port Arthur —    Port Arthur is the former name of the port city of Lüshun at the tip of China’s Liaodong Peninsula in Liaoning Province, approximately 30 kilometers south of the city of Dalian. Port Arthur takes its name from Royal Navy Lieutenant William C.… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Port Arthur — Port Arthur, 1) Stadt im Distrikt Algoma der kanad. Provinz Ontario, an der kanadischen Pacificbahn und an der Thunderbai des Obern Sees, mit Dampferverbindung nach Milwaukee, Chicago u. a., Docks, Handel in Holz, Erz und (1901) 3214 Einw. 2)… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Port Arthur — Port Arthur, TX U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 57755 Housing Units (2000): 24713 Land area (2000): 82.919246 sq. miles (214.759853 sq. km) Water area (2000): 60.838788 sq. miles (157.571731 sq. km) Total area (2000): 143.758034 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Port Arthur, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 57755 Housing Units (2000): 24713 Land area (2000): 82.919246 sq. miles (214.759853 sq. km) Water area (2000): 60.838788 sq. miles (157.571731 sq. km) Total area (2000): 143.758034 sq. miles (372.331584 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Port Arthur — Port Arthur, fue un puerto ruso, en el territorio de la República Popular China y que actualmente se conoce como Lüshunkou. EL lugar es celebre por haber sido escenario de la Batalla de Port Arthur en el marco de la guerra ruso japonesa. * * * ►… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Port Arthur — 1. former name for LÜSHUN 2. [after Arthur Stilwell, local philanthropist] seaport in SE Tex., on Sabine Lake: pop. 58,000 3. see THUNDER BAY …   English World dictionary

  • Port-Arthur — (auj. Lüshun, en jap. Ryûjun) port de Chine (Liaoning), au sud de l anc. Mandchourie; 150 000 hab. env. Cédé aux Russes en 1898 (territoire à bail), il fut pris par les Japonais en 1905 après un siège célèbre …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Port Arthur — (chines. Lu sun kau, japan. Riodschunko), Stadt und Kriegshafen an der Südspitze des Pachtgebiets Kwan tung [Karte: Ostasien I, 1], eisfrei, Endpunkt der Mandschurischen Eisenbahn. Der Hafen wurde um 1880 von den Chinesen angelegt, 1894 von den… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Port Arthur —   [pɔːt ɑːθə],    1) ehemalige selbstständige Stadt in Kanada, seit 1970 Teil von Thunder Bay.    2) Stadt in Texas, USA, 58 600 Einwohner; bedeutender Tiefwasserhafen am Golfküstenkanal (Intracoastal Waterway); Erdölraffinerien, petrochemische… …   Universal-Lexikon

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