phratry

phratry
phratric, phratral, phratriac, phratrial, adj.
/fray"tree/, n., pl. phratries.
1. a grouping of clans or other social units within a tribe.
2. (in ancient Greece) a subdivision of a phyle.
[1745-55; < Gk phratría, equiv. to phratr-, s. of phratér clansman (akin to BROTHER) + -ia -Y3]

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In ancient Greece, tribal subdivisions of households or families claiming a common kin relation.

At the apex of each phratry were aristocratic clans that had certain hereditary rights, such as the right to hold priestly offices. Both phratries and clans were patrilineal. The Athenian phratry is well known. Every native Athenian male belonged to a phratry; they were concerned with such matters as legitimacy of descent and inheritance.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Phratry — Phra try, n.; pl. {Phratries}. [Gr. ?, ?.] (Gr. Antiq.) A subdivision of a phyle, or tribe, in Athens. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • phratry — [frā′trē] n. pl. phratries [Gr phratria < phratēr, akin to L frater,BROTHER] 1. a subdivision of an ancient Greek phyle 2. any of the similar units, as a group of clans, of a primitive tribe phratric adj. phratral …   English World dictionary

  • Phratry — A phratry (Greek: φ(ρ)ατρία, English translation: brotherhood , kinfolk , derived from φρατήρ meaning brother ) was an anthropological term for a kinship division consisting of two or more distinct clans which are considered a single unit, but… …   Wikipedia

  • phratry — noun (plural phratries) Etymology: Greek phratria, from phratēr member of the same clan, member of a phratry more at brother Date: 1833 1. a kinship group forming a subdivision of a Greek phyle 2. a tribal subdivision; specifically an exogamous… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • phratry — In many pre industrial societies, social organization is based on kinship groups through descent in either the male or female line, but these kinship groups are then aggregated according to non kinship principles into larger groups which (in some …   Dictionary of sociology

  • phratry —   n. clan; tribe.    ♦ phrator, n. member of phratry.    ♦ phratric, a …   Dictionary of difficult words

  • phratry — fratrija statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Augalų bendrijų kongregacijų, kurios pagal savo morfologiją ir ekologiją priklauso prie įvairių morfologinių ir ekologinių augalijos tipų, visuma, jungiama bendro ardo. atitikmenys:… …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • phratry — noun A former kinship division consisting of two or more distinct clans with separate identities but considered to be a single unit …   Wiktionary

  • phratry — [ freɪtri] noun (plural phratries) Anthropology a descent group or kinship group in some tribal societies. Origin C19: from Gk phratria, from phratēr clansman …   English new terms dictionary

  • phratry — phra·try …   English syllables

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