Penates

Penates
/peuh nay"teez, -nah"-/, n.pl. Rom. Religion.
gods who watched over the home or community to which they belonged: originally, two deities of the storeroom.
Also, penates. Cf. Lares.
[1505-15; < L Penates, akin to penus stock of provisions]

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Roman household gods.

They were worshiped privately as protectors of the household and also publicly as protectors of the Roman state. They were sometimes associated with other deities of the house, such as Vesta, and their name was often used interchangeably with that of the Lares. Each house had a shrine with their images, which were worshiped at the family meal and on special occasions. Offerings were portions of the regular meal or of special cakes, wine, honey, and incense. The number and precise identities of the Penates were a puzzle even to the ancients.

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▪ Roman deities
formally  Di Penates 

      household gods of the Romans and other Latin peoples. In the narrow sense, they were gods of the penus (“household provision”), but by extension their protection reached the entire household. They are associated with other deities of the house, such as Vesta, and the name was sometimes used interchangeably with that of the Lares, any of various tutelary deities. The Penates are all or some specific group of deities with household connections, but their number and precise identity were a puzzle even to the ancients.

      The Penates were worshiped privately as protectors of the individual household and also publicly as protectors of the Roman state. Each house had a shrine with images of them that were worshiped at the family meal and on special occasions. Offerings were of portions of the regular meal or of special cakes, wine, honey, incense, and, more rarely, a blood sacrifice. The state as a whole worshiped the Penates Publici. This state cult occupied a significant role as a focal point of Roman patriotism and nationalism.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • pénates — [ penat ] n. m. pl. • 1488; lat. penates, de penus « intérieur de la maison » 1 ♦ Dieux domestiques protecteurs de la cité ou du foyer, chez les anciens Romains. Les pénates, qui personnifiaient le foyer, étaient associés aux lares. Statuettes de …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Penates — Pénates Au droit : têtes couronnées de lauriers de Pénates publics avec l inscription DPP (= Dei Penates Publici). Au revers : deux généraux romains, vêtus du paludamentum, tenant des lances dans la main droite, comme s ils arrivaient à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Penates — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Altar de Penates en las ruinas de Pompeya. Di Penates o en forma abreviada Penates eran, en la mitología romana, originalmente dioses protectores (en realidad genios) del almacén de la casa. Posteriormente se… …   Wikipedia Español

  • PENATES — Servio in l. 2. Aen. v. 514. sunt omnes Dii, qui domicoluntur: parvae icunculae, quibus vinô et ture frequenter prisci faciebant. Dion. Halicarn. l. 1. Hist. Cicero, pro Domo sua. Cartarius in imag. Deor. A penus dicti, teste Tulliô l. 2. de Nat …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • penates — PENATES. adj. pluriel. On appelloit ainsi parmi les Payens, certains Dieux domestiques. Enée en quittant Troyes emporta ses Dieux Penates. Il se met aussi subst. On luy enleva ses Penates …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • penates — Roman household gods, 1510s, from L. penates gods of the inside of the house, related to penatus sanctuary of a temple (especially that of Vesta), cognate with penitus within (see PENETRATE (Cf. penetrate)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • penates — (Del lat. penātes). m. pl. Mit. Dioses domésticos a quienes daba culto la gentilidad …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • penates — [pē nā′tēz΄] pl.n. [L, akin to penus, inner part of temple of Vesta: see PENETRATE] the household gods of the ancient Romans: see LARES AND PENATES …   English World dictionary

  • Penates — Pe*na tes, n. pl. [L.] (Rom. Antiq.) The household gods of the ancient Romans. They presided over the home and the family hearth. See {Lar}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Penátes — PENÁTES, ium. 1 §. Namen. Diesen haben sie nach einigen von penitus, eo, quod penitus insideant, daher sie auch Dii penetrales genannt werden, oder von Penu, sofern solches alles dasjenige bedeutet, wovon wir leben, Cicero de N.D. l. II. c. 27.… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • penates — index household (domestic) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

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