/pas'euh dee"neuh/, n.1. a city in SW California, near Los Angeles. 119,374.2. a city in SE Texas, near Houston. 112,560.
* * *ICity (pop., 2000: 133,936), southwestern California, U.S., at the base of the San Gabriel Mountains.Founded in 1874, it was incorporated as a city in 1886. It grew as a winter resort and citrus centre after the construction of the Santa Fe Railway and the freeway system that link it to Los Angeles to the southwest. It is a centre of scientific research, based on the California Institute of Technology and its Jet Propulsion Laboratory. It is the site of the annual college football Rose Bowl and the New Year's Day Tournament of Roses, a flower festival begun in 1890.IIFounded in 1895, it was incorporated in 1929. After World War II the city grew rapidly, stimulated by nearby industrial development, especially in petrochemicals and aerospace. Northeast of the city is the site of the 1836 capture of Mexican Gen. Antonio Santa Anna after the Battle of San Jacinto.
* * *city, Harris county, southeastern Texas, U.S. It borders Houston (west) between the Houston Ship Channel and the Clear Lake area. It was founded in 1895 by J.H. Burnett and named after Pasadena, California. Several oil refineries had been built in the area by 1920. The city's rapid growth after World War II was stimulated by adjacent industrial development, particularly petrochemicals and aerospace. Pasadena is the seat of San Jacinto (community) College (1960) and the Texas Chiropractic College (1908). Since 1982 the city has had a philharmonic orchestra. The city hosts the annual San Jacinto Strawberry Festival. Other attractions include an annual rodeo, the Pasadena Historical Museum, and Armand Bayou Nature Center. Inc. 1929. Pop. (1990) 119,363; (2000) 141,674.city, Los Angeles county, southern California, U.S. It is located in the San Gabriel Valley, at the base of the San Gabriel Mountains. The area was part of Rancho el Rincon de San Pasqual, a northeast section of the San Gabriel Mission (1771). The city was founded in 1874 by Thomas B. Elliott as Indiana Colony; the name Pasadena, a Chippewa word meaning “crown of the valley,” was adopted in 1875. The city's growth as a winter resort and citrus centre was stimulated by the Santa Fe Railway, and subsequent freeway construction brought it within easy commuting distance to Los Angeles, which lies 12 miles (19 km) southwest.Pasadena's economy is partly based on the California Institute of Technology (1891), which includes the Jet Propulsion Laboratory operated in conjunction with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The city has become a centre of scientific research and light manufacturing, chiefly of precision instruments and electronic, aircraft, and missile components.Pasadena City (community) College (1924), Pacific Oaks College (1945), and Art Center College of Design (1930) are located in the city, which is also the home of the Pasadena Playhouse. The Norton Simon Museum of Art (formerly Pasadena Art Institute and Pasadena Museum of Modern Art) is renowned for its collection, as is the Huntington Library (Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens) in nearby San Marino. The Pacific Asia Museum contains exhibits on the history and arts of Asia and the Pacific; its grounds contain a Chinese courtyard garden and koi ponds. The city is perhaps most famous for its New Year's Day Tournament of Roses, first held in 1890, which features a televised parade attended by several hundred thousand people and the Rose Bowl classic, a contest between two major college gridiron football teams. Angeles National Forest is north of the city. Inc. 1886. Pop. (2000) 133,936; (2006 est.) 144,133.
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