Paris Commune

Paris Commune
commune3 (def. 8).
[1960-65]

* * *

or Commune of Paris

(March 18–May 28, 1871) Insurrection of Paris against the French government.

After France's defeat in the Franco-Prussian War and the collapse of the Second Empire, the republican Parisians feared that the conservative majority in the National Assembly would restore the monarchy. On March 18 the National Guard in Paris resisted orders to disarm, and after municipal elections were won by the revolutionaries, they formed the Commune government. Factions included the so-called Jacobins, who wanted the Paris Commune to control the revolution (as its namesake had in the French Revolution); the Proudhonists, socialist followers of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon who supported a federation of communes; and the Blanquistes, socialist followers of Auguste Blanqui who demanded violent action. Government forces quickly suppressed communes elsewhere in France, then entered Paris on May 21. In a week of fierce fighting, they crushed the Communards, who had set up barricades in the streets and burned public buildings, including the Tuileries Palace. About 20,000 insurrectionists and 750 government troops were killed. In the aftermath, the government took harsh repressive action; 38,000 suspects were arrested and more than 7,000 were deported.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Paris Commune — This article is about the government of Paris in 1871. For the Commune during the French Revolution, see Paris Commune (French Revolution). The Commune of Paris La Commune de Paris ← …   Wikipedia

  • Paris Commune — (1871)    A short lived rebel government in power in the French capital from 18 March until 28 May 1871, at which point it was violently put down by Adolphe Thiers’ Government of National Defense. When the provisional government in France signed… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Paris Commune — (1871)    A socialist government that ruled Paris for two months from March 28 to May 26, 1871, following the Franco Prussian War, and named itself the Commune in evocation of the Jacobin Assembly of 1793. The capital city of France had refused… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Paris, Commune of — ▪ 1871 also called  Paris Commune , French  Commune de Paris        (1871), insurrection of Paris against the French government from March 18 to May 28, 1871. It occurred in the wake of France s defeat in the Franco German War and the collapse of …   Universalium

  • Paris Commune — Par′is Com′mune n. why commune III, 6) …   From formal English to slang

  • Paris Commune — see COMMUNE(1) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Paris Commune — /pærəs ˈkɒmjun/ (say paruhs komyoohn) noun a socialist government of Paris from 18 March to 27 May, 1871; suppressed by the National Assembly in a battle in which 33 000 people were killed …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Paris Commune, Martyrs of the — • Article on the priests who were killed in Paris in May 1871 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Paris Commune (French Revolution) — This article is about the Paris Commune of 1792. For the Paris Commune of 1871, see Paris Commune. Hôtel de Ville, Paris during the French Revolution The Paris Commune during the French Revolution was the government of Paris from 1789 until 1795 …   Wikipedia

  • Martyrs of the Paris Commune —     Martyrs of the Paris Commune     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Martyrs of the Paris Commune     The secular priests and the religious who were murdered in Paris, in May 1871, on account of their sacred calling. They may be divided into three… …   Catholic encyclopedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”