papain

papain
/peuh pay"in, -puy"in/, n.
1. Biochem. a proteolytic enzyme found in the fruit of the papaya tree, Carica papaya.
2. Pharm. a commercial preparation of this used as a meat tenderizer and in medicine as a digestant.
[1885-90; PAPA(YA) + -IN2]

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enzyme
      enzyme present in the milky juice of the papaya that catalyzes the breakdown of proteins (protein) by hydrolysis (addition of a water molecule). Papain is used in biochemical research involving the analysis of proteins, in preparations of various remedies for indigestion, in tenderizing meat, and in enzyme-action cleansing agents for soft contact lenses. A related enzyme from the same source is chymopapain, which has different characteristics of mobility and solubility. It is used to shrink or dissolve ruptured disks in certain kinds of lumbar spine injuries, and otherwise as a digestant of protein.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Papain — Papain …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Papain — Pa*pa in, n. [From {Papaw}.] (Physiol. Chem.) A proteolytic ferment, like trypsin, present in the juice of the green fruit of the papaw ({Carica Papaya}) of tropical America. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Papaïn — Papaïn, s. Papayotin …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Papain — Papaīn, Papayotin, Papayazin, Papaw, vegetabilisches Pepsin, eiweißverdauendes Ferment aus dem Milchsaft von Carica papaya L. (s. Carica), löst bei Körpertemperatur Fleisch und andere Eiweißstoffe auf; Heilmittel bei Magen und Darmkrankheiten …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • papain — papàīn m <G papaína> DEFINICIJA biol. enzim u mliječnom soku papaje, koristi se u medicini ETIMOLOGIJA v …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • papain — [pə pā′in, pəpī′in] n. [ PAPA(YA) + IN1] a protein splitting enzyme from the juice of unripe papaya, used as a digestive aid, as a meat tenderizer, in pharmacy, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Papain — protein Name = Papain caption = Papain from Carica papaya width = 240 HGNCid = Symbol = AltSymbols = EntrezGene = OMIM = RefSeq = UniProt = PDB = 1PPP ECnumber = 3.4.22.2 Chromosome = Arm = Band = LocusSupplementaryData = Papain is a cysteine… …   Wikipedia

  • Papain — Pa|pa|in 〈n. 11; unz.〉 Eiweiß spaltendes Enzym * * * Pa|pa|in [nlat. Carica papaya = Papaya oder Melonenbaum; ↑ in (3)], das; s, e: aus dem Milchsaft unreifer Papayafrüchte gewinnbares Enzymgemisch, das neben dem eigtl. Papain (212… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • papain — papaya pa*pa ya, n. [Prob. from the native name in the West Indies; cf. Sp. papayo papaw, papaya the fruit of the papaw.] 1. (Bot.) A tree ({Carica Papaya}) of tropical America, belonging to the order {Passiflore[ae]}; called also {papaw} and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • papain — pa·pa·in pə pā ən, pī n a crystallizable protease in the juice of the green fruit of the papaya obtained usu. as a brownish powder and used chiefly as a tenderizer for meat and in medicine as a digestant and as a topical agent in the debridement… …   Medical dictionary

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