/pan op"ti kon'/, n.
a building, as a prison, hospital, library, or the like, so arranged that all parts of the interior are visible from a single point.
[1760-70; PAN- + Gk optikón sight, seeing (neut. of optikós; see OPTIC)]

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▪ penal architecture
      architectural form for a prison, the drawings for which were published by Jeremy Bentham (Bentham, Jeremy) in 1791. It consisted of a circular, glass-roofed, tanklike structure with cells along the external wall facing toward a central rotunda; guards stationed in the rotunda could keep all the inmates in the surrounding cells under constant surveillance. Although Bentham's novel idea was not fully adopted in the plans for penal institutions built at that time, its radial plan was immediately influential, and its design clearly had an impact on later construction. For example, the Stateville Correctional Center, a prison near Joliet, Ill., U.S., incorporates essential features of the panopticon.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Panopticon — Skizze von Jeremy Bentham, 1791 Das Panopticon oder Panoptikum (von griech. „pan“ „alles“ und „optikós“ „zum Schauen gehörend“) ist ein von dem britischen Philosophen und Begründer des klassischen Utilitarismus Jeremy Bentham stammendes Konzept… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Panopticon — Жанры блэк метал паган метал анархистский блэк метал Годы 2007 настоящее время …   Википедия

  • Panopticon — Pa*nop ti*con, n. [NL. See {Pan }, and {Optic}.] [1913 Webster] 1. A prison so contructed that the inspector can see each of the prisoners at all times, without being seen. [1913 Webster] 2. A room for the exhibition of novelties. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • panopticon — (n.) 1768, a type of optical instrument or telescope, from Gk. pan all (see PAN (Cf. pan )) + optikon, neuter of optikos of or for sight (see OPTIC (Cf. optic)). Later the name of a type of prison designed by Bentham (1791) in which wardens had a …   Etymology dictionary

  • Panopticon — The Panopticon is a type of prison building designed by English architect Jeremy Bentham in 1785. The concept of the design is to allow an observer to observe ( opticon ) all ( pan ) prisoners without the prisoners being able to tell whether they …   Wikipedia

  • Panopticon — Panoptique  Pour l album d Isis, voir Panopticon (album). Kilmainham Gaol, Irlande. Cour intérieure victorienne …   Wikipédia en Français

  • panopticon — This term was first used by Jeremy Bentham in 1791 to describe his idea of an ‘inspection house’ to be used for surveillance purposes in public institutions such as prisons, asylums, and workhouses. The panopticon was a circular construction of… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Panopticón — El panopticón es un centro penitenciario ideal diseñado por el filósofo Jeremy Bentham en 1791. El concepto de este diseño permite a un vigilante observar ( opticón) a todos (pan ) los prisioneros sin que éstos puedan decir si están siendo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • panopticon — noun A type of prison designed by philosopher Jeremy Bentham wherein all the cells are visible from the center of the building. It engenders the feeling that someone is watching you, even though you know the contrary …   Wiktionary

  • PANOPTICON —    a prison so arranged that the warder can see every prisoner in charge without being seen by them …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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