—orogenic /awr'euh jen"ik, or'euh-/, orogenetic, adj./aw roj"euh nee, oh roj"-/, n. Geol.the process of mountain making or upheaval.Also called orogenesis /awr'euh jen"euh sis, or'euh-/.[1885-90; ORO-1 + -GENY]
* * *IMountain-building event, generally one that occurs in a geosyncline.Orogeny tends to occur during a relatively short geologic time frame. It is usually accompanied by folding and faulting of strata and by the deposition of sediments in areas adjacent to the orogenic belt. Orogenies may result from continental collisions, the underthrusting of continents by oceanic plates, the overriding of oceanic ridges by continents, and other causes. See also Acadian orogeny, Alleghenian orogeny, Alpine orogeny, Laramide orogeny, Taconic orogeny.II(as used in expressions)
* * *▪ geologymountain-building event, generally one that occurs in geosynclinal (geosyncline) areas. In contrast to epeirogeny, an orogeny tends to occur during a relatively short time in linear belts and results in intensive deformation. Orogeny is usually accompanied by folding (fold) and faulting (fault) of strata, development of angular unconformities (interruptions in the normal deposition of sedimentary rock), and the deposition of clastic wedges of sediments (sedimentary rock) in areas adjacent to the orogenic belt. Regional metamorphism (metamorphic rock) and magmatic (magma) activity are often associated with an orogenic event as well. Orogenies may result from subduction (subduction zone), terrane accretion (landmass expansion due to its collision with other landmasses), the underthrusting of continents by oceanic plates, continental collisions, the overriding of oceanic ridges by continents, and other causes. See plate tectonics.
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