/awr"lee euhnz/; Fr. /awrdd lay ahonn"/, n.
a city in and the capital of Loiret, in central France, SSW of Paris: English siege of the city raised by Joan of Arc 1428. 109,956.

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ancient Aurelianum

City (pop., 1999: 113,126), capital of the Centre région, north-central France.

It was conquered by Julius Caesar in 52 BC and became an intellectual centre under Charlemagne. It was a major cultural centre in the Middle Ages and became a royal duchy under Philip VI in 1344. During the Hundred Years' War, the English siege in 1429 was relieved by Joan of Arc, known as the Maid of Orléans, and her troops. Located on the Loire River in a fertile valley, it is important for market gardening, horticulture, and textile production.

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      county, northwestern New York state, U.S., comprising a lowland region that is bordered by Lake Ontario (Ontario, Lake) to the north. It is intersected by the New York State Canal System (and its constituent Erie Canal) and by Oak Orchard Creek. The primary species of tree is oak. Attractions include Lakeside Beach State Park, Oak Orchard State Marine Park, Medina Terminal State Canal Park, and Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge.

       Erie and Seneca Indians inhabited the region when European settlers first arrived. Orleans county was formed in 1824 and named for Orleans, France. The principal towns are Medina, Albion (the county seat), and Holley. County residents engage primarily in agriculture (vegetables, wheat, and hogs). Area 392 square miles (1,014 square km). Pop. (2000) 44,171; (2007 est.) 42,371.

      county, northern Vermont, U.S., bordered to the north by Quebec, Can., and to the west by the Green Mountains. It consists mostly of a piedmont region that rises in the west to such summits as Jay and North Jay peaks and Belvidere and Haystack mountains. The county contains many waterways, notably Seymour and Caspian lakes, the southern portion of Lake Memphremagog, and the Black, Barton, and Missisquoi rivers. The region, abundant in wildlife, is wooded with spruce, fir, white pine, and maple. Recreational areas include Crystal Lake State Park and Willoughby and Jay Peak state forests.

      Orleans county was created in 1792 and probably was named for Louis-Philippe-Joseph, duc d'Orléans (Orléans, Louis-Philippe-Joseph, duc d'). The city of Newport, the county seat, developed as a railroad and logging centre. The Haskell Free Library and Opera House straddles the international border between Derby Line, Vt., and Rock Island, Que.; the players perform on the stage in Canada, while the patrons sit in the auditorium in the United States. Notable landmarks include the Congregational Church (built 1820) in Craftsbury Common and the Old Stone House Museum (built c. 1835) in Brownington. Other communities are Orleans, Barton, North Troy, and Irasburg.

      The county's natural resources support tourism, dairy farming, and forest-related industries such as logging, cabinetry, and maple sugar production. Area 697 square miles (1,805 square km). Pop. (2000) 26,277; (2007 est.) 27,302.

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Universalium. 2010.

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