/awr"kil, -chil/, n.
1. a violet coloring matter obtained from certain lichens, chiefly species of Roccella.
2. any lichen yielding this dye. Also called archil, orseille.
[1475-85; < OF]

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also called  Archil,  

      a violet dye obtained from some lichens by fermentation. It is also the term for any lichen that yields orchil (Roccella, Lecanora, Ochrolechin, and Evernia) and refers to any colour obtained from this dye.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Orchil — Or chil, n. See {Archil}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Orchil — Orchil, soviel wie Orseille …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Orchil — Orchil, Farbstoff, s. Orseille …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • orchil — [ôr′kil, ôr′chil] n. 1. any of a number of lichens (genera Roccella, Dendrographa, and Lecanora) yielding purple dyes 2. any of these, including litmus …   English World dictionary

  • orchil — Archil Ar chil (?; 277), n. [OF. orchel, orcheil, It. orcella, oricello, or OSp. orchillo. Cf. {Orchil}.] 1. A violet dye obtained from several species of lichen ({Roccella tinctoria}, etc.), which grow on maritime rocks in the Canary and Cape… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • orchil — SYN: archil. * * * orchil var of ARCHIL …   Medical dictionary

  • orchil — noun a) Any of several lichens, especially those of the genera Roccella and Lecanora. b) The dye, orcein, extracted from them …   Wiktionary

  • orchil — É”rtʃɪl / ɔːt n. violet color yielded from certain types of lichens; type of lichen from which a purple dye is extracted …   English contemporary dictionary

  • orchil — [ ɔ:tʃɪl] noun 1》 a red or violet dye obtained from lichen, used as a source of litmus. 2》 a lichen which produces this dye. [Roccella and other genera.] Origin C15: from OFr. orcheil, related to Sp. urchilla …   English new terms dictionary

  • orchil — or·chil …   English syllables

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