Nikopol

Nikopol
/ni kaw"peuhl/; Russ. /nyee"keuh peuhl/, n.
a city in SE Ukraine, on the Dnieper River. 154,000.

* * *

      town, northern Bulgaria. It lies along the Danube River near its confluence with the Osŭm (Ossăm) and opposite Turnu Măgurele, Rom.

      Nikopol was an important Danubian stronghold—ruined fortresses still dominate the town—founded by the Byzantine emperor Heraclius I in AD 629. In 1396 the Ottoman sultan Bayezid I defeated a Crusader army led by King Sigismund of Hungary at Nikopol, an event that contributed significantly to Turkish domination of the Balkans for five centuries. Occupied by the Turks in 1393–1877, Nikopol was again fortified and became an important administrative town. Its population grew to approximately 40,000 before it was destroyed by the Russians in 1810; thereupon the Turks moved the regional centre of government northwest to Vidin, and Nikopol consequently declined. The Russians liberated Nikopol from Turkish control in 1877. Farming, viticulture, and fishing are the main means of livelihood; as a port, it has been superseded by Somovit. Pop. (2001) 13,656.

      city, south-central Ukraine. It lies along the northern shore of the Kakhovka Reservoir on the Dnieper River and on the Zaporizhzhya–Kryvyy Rih railway. Founded as Nikitin Rog (Ukrainian: Mykytyn Rih) in the 1630s at a strategic crossing of the river, it was renamed Nikopol in 1782. It has been historically important as the centre of a large deposit of manganese, first mined there in 1886. Much of the extensive reserves has a high metal content. The city's metallurgical industry has produced ferroalloys, steel tubes, cranes, and agricultural machinery; food processing and brewing also have been significant. A dam protects the lower part of the city from inundation by the reservoir. Pop. (2001) 136,280; (2005 est.) 131,774.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nikopol — (derived from Greek Nicopolis (Νικόπολις), City of Victory ) may refer to one of the following. Places and regions Nikopol, Ukraine Nikopol district, Ukraine FC Elektrometalurh NZF Nikopol, a Ukrainian football club Nikopol Ferroalloy Plant… …   Wikipedia

  • Nikopol — bezeichnet eine Stadt in der Ukraine, siehe Nikopol (Ukraine) eine Stadt in Bulgarien, siehe Nikopol (Bulgarien) eine Siedlung von Reno (Nevada), Vereinigte Staaten eine Kunstfigur von Enki Bilal, siehe Alexander Nikopol …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nikopol — Nikopol, Flecken im südrussischen Gouvernement Jekaterinoslaw, am Dnjepr; 6500 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Nikópol — (Nikopoli), Stadt und Bischofssitz im bulgar. Kreis Plewna, an der Donau, wenig unterhalb der Mündungen des Osem und der Aluta, hat ein jetzt verfallenes Schloß, eine interessante byzantinische Kirche, mehrere von den Russen errichtete Denkmäler… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Nikopol — (spr. polj), Flecken im russ. Gouv. und Kreis Jekaterinoslaw, auf einer Anhöhe rechts am Dnjepr gelegen, hat 2 Kirchen, ansehnlichen Handel mit Getreide und Hanf, mehrere Fabriken und (1900) 21.282 Einw. In der Umgegend Überreste alter… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Nikopól — Nikopól, Flecken im russ. Gouv. Jekaterinoslaw, am Dnjepr, 8100 E., Flußhafen …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Nikopol — Nikòpol m DEFINICIJA pov. utvrda na dunavskoj obali, S Bugarska SINTAGMA bitka kod Nikopola pov. bitka kršćanske vojske 1396. pod vodstvom Žigmunda Luksemburškoga protiv Osmanlija; porazom kršćana razbijene iluzije o rekonkvisti, stabilizacija… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Nikopol — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Nikopol est dérivé du grec Nikopolis (Νικόπολις), qui signifie « cité victorieuse ». Nikopol peut désigner : Sommaire 1 Villes 2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nikopol — El término Nikopol puede hacer referencia a: Nikopol (Ucrania). Nikopol (Bulgaria). La trilogía Nikopol, historieta de Enki Bilal. Nikopol: Secrets of the Immortals, videojuego. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos relacionados con el …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nikopol' — Original name in latin Nikopol’ Name in other language Nikopol , Nikopol’, Никополь State code UA Continent/City Europe/Kiev longitude 47.57119 latitude 34.39637 altitude 67 Population 130500 Date 2012 01 18 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”