neurolinguist, n.neurolinguistic, adj.
/noor'oh ling gwis"tiks, nyoor'-/, n. (used with a sing. v.)
the study of the neurological processes underlying the development and use of language.

* * *

      the study of the neurological mechanisms underlying the storage and processing of language. Although it has been fairly satisfactorily determined that the language centre is in the left hemisphere of the brain in right-handed people, controversy remains concerning whether individual aspects of language are correlated with different specialized areas of the brain. One kind of research carried on in this field is the study of aphasia, a condition of the brain in which language ability is impaired or destroyed. Temporary aphasia has been induced by electrically stimulating the cortex of conscious patients in order to determine the location of the various functions of language. Although very general centres of language have been proposed, it seems that there are no highly specialized centres. Several cases have been reported of patients who, after having their left hemisphere of the brain removed, adapted in the right hemisphere the language function that the left hemisphere had had. In general, however, though progress is being made in this field, very little is known for certain about the neurological aspects of language.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Neurolinguistics — This article is about the academic field of neurolinguistics. For the alternative psychotherapy and communications model, see Neuro linguistic programming. Surface of the human brain, with Brodmann areas numbered …   Wikipedia

  • neurolinguistics — noun Science concerned with the human brain mechanisms underlying the comprehension, production and abstract knowledge of language, be it spoken, signed or written …   Wiktionary

  • neurolinguistics — The branch of medical science concerned with the neuroanatomic basis of speech and its disorders. * * * neu·ro·lin·guis·tics liŋ gwis tiks n pl but sing in constr the study of the relationships between the human nervous system and language esp.… …   Medical dictionary

  • neurolinguistics — The joint study of the areas of the brain that subserve linguistic competence, and of the light they shed upon the structures of that competence …   Philosophy dictionary

  • neurolinguistics — plural noun [treated as sing.] the branch of linguistics concerned with the relationship between language and the brain. Derivatives neurolinguistic adjective …   English new terms dictionary

  • neurolinguistics — /ˌnjuroʊlɪŋˈgwɪstiks/ (say .nyoohrohling gwistiks) noun the study of the mechanisms of the brain relating to the production, comprehension and acquisition of language. –neurolinguistic, adjective …  

  • neurolinguistics — noun the branch of linguistics that studies the relation between language and the structure and function of the nervous system • Derivationally related forms: ↑neurolinguist • Hypernyms: ↑linguistics …   Useful english dictionary

  • Нейролингвистика (neurolinguistics) — Определяемая широко, Н. это учение о языке и мозге. Формальная теория психолингв. развивается во взаимодействии трех научных областей: неврологии, психологии и лингвистики. Ларненделла настаивал на одновременной интеграции в формальной теории… …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • List of linguists — Linguistics …   Wikipedia

  • Linguistics — is the scientific study of language, encompassing a number of sub fields. An important topical division is between the study of language structure (grammar) and the study of meaning (semantics). Grammar encompasses morphology (the formation and… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”