/nah moor"/; Fr. /nann myuurdd"/, n.
1. a province in S Belgium. 390,442; 1413 sq. mi. (3660 sq. km).
2. a city in and capital of this province, on the Sambre and Meuse rivers. 31,302.

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      city, capital of Namur province, south-central Belgium. It lies at the junction of the Sambre and Meuse (Maas) rivers. A pre-Roman oppidum (fortified town), it was the seat of the counts of Namur from 908 until it passed to Burgundy in 1421. Namur is dominated by its medieval citadel, which sits atop a rocky promontory between the two rivers. The city has been an episcopal see since 1559.

      Because of its strategic position at the head of routes into France, Namur was the scene of a number of battles and sieges. Two campaigns—known as the sieges of Namur—that occurred during the War of the Grand Alliance (Grand Alliance, War of the) (1689–97) are particularly notable. The citadel on a rock located above the town was originally the castle of the counts of Namur; it was fortified in the 15th, 16th, and 19th centuries before being abandoned in 1862. Newer outlying fortifications (1893) were destroyed by the Germans in World War I, and Namur sustained a considerable amount of damage in World War II.

      A rail junction and centre of art and tourism, Namur is also industrial, its products including glass, paper, leather goods, steel products, and cement. Despite the wars and sieges, many architectural landmarks remain in Namur. These include the Baroque cathedral of St. Aubain, with noteworthy paintings and metalwork; the Jesuit church of St. Loup, with its columns of red marble; the convent of the Sisters of Our Lady, containing 13th-century treasures of silver and gold craftsmanship; and the Meat Hall (1588), housing the archaeological museum. Baroque (1632–48) horse stalls are a unique feature of the 17th-century church, Notre-Dame, which was transformed between 1770 and 1775 by the architect L.-B. Dewez. The Diocesan Museum exhibits the Carolingian shrine of Andenne and the golden crown and portable altar (1217) of the counts of Namur. A restored 11th-century bridge crosses the Meuse 4 miles (7 km) from Namur and is the place where King Albert I fell to his death while rock climbing in 1934. Pop. (1997 est.) 105,243.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Namur — Namur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Namur — • Constituted by the Bull of 12 May, 1559, from territory previously belonging to the Diocese of Liege Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Namur     Namur      …   Catholic encyclopedia

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  • NAMUR — Ville belge, chef lieu de la province du même nom, Namur doit son origine à l’oppidum gaulois du Champeau, promontoire rocheux qui domine le confluent de la Meuse et de la Sambre. Vicus sous l’Empire romain, elle devint un castrum à l’époque… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Namur — (spr. Namür), 1) belgische Provinz (unter der französischen Herrschaft das Departement Sambre et Meuse) zwischen Frankreich, Luxemburg, Lüttich u. Hennegau, besteht aus dem größten Theile der ehemaligen Grafschaft N., ferner aus Theilen des… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Namur [1] — Namur (spr. ǖr), belg. Provinz, grenzt nördlich an die Provinz Brabant, nordöstlich an Lüttich, südöstlich an Luxemburg, südlich an Frankreich, westlich an Hennegau und umfaßt 3660 qkm (66,47 QM.) mit (1904) 357,759 Einw. (97 auf 1 qkm). Als… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Namur [2] — Namur (fläm. Namen), Hauptstadt der gleichnamigen belg. Provinz (s. oben), am Einfluß der Sambre in die Maas gelegen, 85 m ü. M., bildet den Knotenpunkt von fünf Eisenbahnlinien in der Richtung nach Brüssel, Lüttich (Aachen und Köln), Luxemburg,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • namur — NAMUR, vrbs ad ostium Sabis fluminis, vulgo dicitur Namurcum, alijs Namurra, Namur, id est, nouus murus. Elegans est oppidum, et marmore subcinericio nobile …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Namur — [nȧ mür′] 1. province of S Belgium: 1,415 sq mi (3,665 sq km); pop. 436,000 2. Namur its capital, on the Meuse River: pop. 105,000 …   English World dictionary

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